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Curriculum: Grade 10

3D Design (Spring)

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Credits: .5

Visual Arts courses are offered at several different levels. Students with a passion for a particular field may register for the same course over multiple semesters.

This art course has been designed to offer students a general design overview using different media to construct and build 3D projects utilizing art design concepts. The focus of the course is to concentrate on applying the basic elements and principles of art to help the students solve artistic, creative problems in a variety of approaches and media. Projects in additive and subtractive sculpture, carving, construction, mobile, assemblage, molding and casting, as well as modelmaking will be studied. A sketchbook is required for all students to be used in class and for homework assignments. This course references historical and contemporary works.

3D Design (Fall)

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Credits: .5

Visual Arts courses are offered at several different levels. Students with a passion for a particular field may register for the same course over multiple semesters.

This course has been designed to offer students a general design overview using paper and paper pulp to construct and build 3D projects utilizing art design concepts. The focus of the course is to concentrate on applying the basic elements and principles of art to help students solve artistic, creative problems in a variety of approaches and media. Projects in paper making and paper casting, cardboard relief, paper dress, relief drawing, papier mache, and book art/deconstructed books will be studied. A sketchbook is required for all students to be used in class and for homework assignments. This course references historical and contemporary works.

Studio Art (Upper School)

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Credits: .5 per semester

Visual Arts courses are offered at several different levels. Students with a passion for a particular field may register for the same course over multiple semesters.

Open to Grades 9-12; full year or single semester

This class is designed to accommodate students with a desire to learn about art or to continue evolving in their artistic pursuits. Students will work on a variety of media, tools, and techniques through open-ended assignments that challenge them and encourage creativity and originality. Through studio practice, application of the fundamentals of art and informed decision making, students will create a body of work that demonstrate a high level of quality and growth over time in content, technique and process.

Printmaking

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Credits: .5

Visual Arts courses are offered at several different levels. Students with a passion for a particular field may register for the same course over multiple semesters.

This course introduces the student to the production of multiple images from a single design. Students will learn about the basic tools and materials used in a variety of printmaking techniques, understanding that printing will produce a reversed image. For this, an emphasis on creative problem-solving is essential, through research, sketching, and idea development before committing to a plate. Students will explore various printmaking techniques including but not limited to linoleum – block printing, drypoint, image transfer, and stamping, as well as monoprint/monotype, and stenciling. They will learn about the effective use of positive and negative space, and the creation of an artist’s proofs and series. A brief overview of historical and contemporary prints, including the use of prints for political or social messaging will be addressed.

Photography 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Credits: .5

Prerequisite: Photography 1

This course is designed to follow on from the prerequisite Photography 1 and includes elements of studio photography, green screen photography, street photography and drone photography. DSLR cameras are supplied for the duration of the course. The course will generate proficiency in Adobe Creative Cloud Lightroom and Photoshop techniques and will incorporate field trips for photography assignments. It will also include an emphasis on independent studies as students focus on their own interests, all the while creating an online portfolio of their best work.

Photography 1

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Credits: .5

This semester-long course is designed to cover a broad range of digital photography techniques, principles, equipment, and image subjects. A Nikon DSLR camera is supplied for the duration of the course. The course also covers areas of post production and image manipulation. It includes principles of exposure, portrait photography, landscape photography, macro photography, sports photography, food photography, black and white photography, low light photography, light painting, wildlife photography, in-class challenges, and more than 20 other topics. Over the course of the semester, independent shooting, collaborative peer critiques, and historical research will contribute to each student’s final portfolio that exhibits her individual photographic style.

Painting

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Credits: .5

Visual Arts courses are offered at several different levels. Students with a passion for a particular field may register for the same course over multiple semesters.

In this class, students will be able to explore different “wet media” with processes such as transparent and opaque painting including watercolor, gouache, acrylic, and oil. Students discover the expressiveness of color and paint application techniques while learning color theory. They will also be introduced to the ancient medium of encaustic painting. The focus of this course is on color, scale, and composition and how these are fundamental elements in the development of their visual concepts. Students may take this class as a repeated course in order to prepare their art portfolios for college admission, as well as to work on public art projects that enhance the School community.

Movie/Video Production

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Credits: .5

This is a semester course designed to cover all facets of movie production, including script writing, working with talent, camera work, sound, directing, locations, costume, props, and post-production editing. Nikon DSLR cameras will be supplied for the duration of the course. Genre types will include shorts, feature films, documentaries, music videos, and comedy sketches. The course will involve hands-on, small team experience developing production timelines and filming with DSLR cameras after review of best-practice examples of each motion-picture type. Instruction in post-production editing techniques will be taught to allow finished products to be shown to the local community and/or entered into film showcases and festivals.

Graphic Publication

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Fall Semester (can be extended for extra credit into Spring Semester)

Credits: .5

This course allows students to develop the design, writing, and photography skills needed to create a thorough, interesting, and dynamic documentation of the life of the School: the official school yearbook, the Pepperpot. Includes elements of art, film, image manipulation, design, layout, article writing, research, editing, marketing, publishing and sales. Students will have additional responsibilities and take greater leadership roles each time the course is taken.

Drawing

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Credits: .5 per semester

Visual Arts courses are offered at several different levels. Students with a passion for a particular field may register for the same course over multiple semesters.

The course may be taken for a full year or single semester.

Drawing is the foundation from which we develop our visual vocabulary as we hone our observational skills. Drawing from observation or from life is a critical skill to develop for anyone wanting to quickly and visually express ideas, as it trains the eye, hand, and brain to translate the 3D form into a 2D illusion. In this multilevel class, whether taken for the first time or as continuation to further develop one’s drawing skills, students will be exposed to a variety of “dry media,” learning the necessary technical skills to communicate their ideas, while continuing to strengthen their knowledge of the elements and principles of design. Students may take this class as a repeated course in order to prepare their art portfolios for college admission.

Art History: Ancient Egypt to the Renaissance

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Credits: .5

This course is cross-listed with both the Visual Arts and History Departments.

This course will provide a multidisciplinary approach to the study of art and architectural history. Students will gain an understanding of the differences between a formal and contextual analysis of a work of art, learn to formulate a thesis, and engage in both forms of analysis. Students will view the art through a lens of historical events, literature, music, and the social context of the time periods studied. This course begins by looking at Ancient Egyptian art and architecture through Europe, the Middle East, and Asia into the Renaissance. By studying great works from within these artistic periods, students will gain a better understanding of the visual art of each era and of how they fit within the context of their time.

African Drumming

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

African Drumming is an essential part of Walker’s Music Program. The group utilizes a variety of drums, some of which were constructed from trees on the School property in Simsbury. Students study a wide array of styles and develop an appreciation for the intricate musical sounds, and variety of moods the different drumming disciplines convey and express. The tones of the instruments as well as the use of a particular rhythm open the mind to the rich world of music and enhance the capacity of each drummer. Students are encouraged to both read and hear patterns so that they engage the better part of themselves when they play together. The group often performs on campus and continues to create a moving presence at Walker’s.

Orchestra

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Orchestra is open to instrumentalists who are capable of individual preparation and working toward a standard of musical excellence in a group setting. This is a wonderful environment in which to develop technique and broaden the musical experience.

Harmonious Bells

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

The bell choir performs for many events on campus and can be taken as a music discipline for music majors. This course teaches a basic understanding of rhythm and note reading and allows students of all levels to perform in an ensemble. All musicians are welcome.

Group Keyboard

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

This course provides beginner to intermediate piano students with an opportunity to improve their keyboard skills. The classes allow each student to progress at her own pace. Students are invited to participate in recitals at the end of the year. All musicians are welcome.

Grapes

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

By audition

This vocal ensemble is an a cappella singing group. Only members of the Choir may audition. This ensemble performs music from the folk, pop, jazz, and Broadway genres. Auditions take place at the beginning of the school year and include a simple sight-singing exercise, presentation of a piece that best shows the singer’s voice, and a group piece that determines vocal blend and intonation.

Chamber Ensembles

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

By audition

The chamber ensembles afford the serious musician the opportunity to perform fine works. Students must be proficient on their instrument and enjoy working in a focused, musical environment. These ensembles are called upon to perform at many functions throughout the school year.

Music Major Program

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Credits: 1

Credit is given to students who wish to take two private lessons a week or two music disciplines, not including Choir. A half credit is given along with grades and comments for each semester. Music majors are expected to perform during the school year.

Music Theory

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Credits: 1

A two–semester course that can be taken as a lesson or as a credited course. The course is taught at the level of the student and progresses according to her capacity. It presents the basics of music theory, dictation and notation, and ear training. The advanced student may study composition and musical analysis.

Choir

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Credits: 1

A full Arts credit is given for this course. It fulfills the arts graduation requirement but is not figured into the GPA. Walker’s Choir performs regularly at many School functions and presents two major choral concerts. All singers are welcome.

Group Voice

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

This course provides students with an opportunity to learn and improve vocal technique and to experience a repertoire of various styles. Enrollment in choir is not required. Voce Felice, a fine vocal ensemble, is formed from members of this class. Individual singers have the opportunity to perform as soloists at the end of the school year concert. All singers are welcome.

Gospel Choir

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

The Gospel Choir is a lively vocal ensemble that incorporates musical styles from the spiritual, blues, and gospel genres. This ensemble demands a willingness to participate in the appropriate style that this music commands. All singers are welcome.

Music Lessons

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Additional fee

Private lessons are offered for many instruments. Numerous recitals and assemblies involve the Music Program, and public performance at these events is encouraged.

Financial Commitment: Private lessons are billed through the Business Office. The Music Instruction Agreement must be signed by a parent/guardian and returned before lessons can begin. Please contact the Business Office for additional details.

Spring Musical

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Credits: Spring season co-curricular

Prerequisite: Audition in February

Offered: February-May

The Theatre, Music, and Dance Departments collaborate on a full-scale musical that is presented to the community in May. Recent productions include Seussical, The Boyfriend, The Mystery of Edwin Drood, Godspell, Illyria, You’re a Good Man Charlie Brown, Sister Act, Beauty and the Beast, and Hairspray.

Winter Play

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Credits: Winter season co-curricular

Prerequisite: Audition in November

Offered: November-February

During the winter months, cast members rehearse a play which is presented to the community in mid-February. Past productions have included Good Help is so Hard to Murder, Haiku, Animal Farm, All in the Timing, Rope, and an original Shakespearean adaptation, The Food of Love.

Musical Theater

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Credits: .5

In this class, students will collaborate on scenes, songs, and dances from classic works of musical theater. Students will have the opportunity to watch and learn from historic theatrical performances, as well as delve deeply into scene work, song analysis, and choreography. This class includes visits from industry guest speakers; the class will take theatrical field trips.

Acting

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Credits: .5

The goal of this course is to develop self-awareness, master acting guideposts, and build on previous knowledge of stage acting through the use of scenes, improvisation, and monologues. This one-semester class introduces students to basic acting techniques, including effective use of the voice, principles of stage movement, building a character, playwriting, story creation, and improvisation. The course is designed for students interested in exploring theater as a means of personal development and expression, as well as for those who wish to begin to study the craft of acting and/or playwriting. Students are expected to memorize lines, write journals, and be evaluated on their performances. This course may be taken more than once, so the course will be tailored to the students’ interests and needs.

General Enrollment Dance

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Fall, winter, and spring season

These classes are open to students at any level of dance from beginner to advanced. Students take classes in ballet, modern, jazz, and composition. Winter dance also counts towards the team sport requirement as it includes a performance.

Dance Ensemble

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Prerequisite: Fall and winter season commitment; By audition

Dance Ensemble is the high-intermediate level dance company at Walker’s. Students are selected by audition and must commit to dance for the fall and winter seasons. Dance Ensemble members take daily intermediate level technique classes in ballet, modern, jazz, and character. This group also has the opportunity to work with guest artists and they perform in the annual Winter Dance Concert.

Dance Workshop

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Prerequisite: Fall and winter season commitment; By audition

Dance Workshop is the advanced-level dance company at Walker’s. Students are selected by audition and must commit to dance for the fall and winter seasons. Dance Workshop members take daily advanced-level technique classes in ballet, modern, jazz, character, and stretch and strengthen. These classes are supplemented with weekly rehearsals for student, faculty, and guest artist choreography. Senior members of Dance Workshop take choreography classes and run their own rehearsals. Dance Workshop performs in the annual Winter Dance Concert.

Personal Finance

Upper School

Grade 10

Seminars

Historically, women have had less opportunity to manage money or invest. As students graduate from high school and move out into the world, it’s imperative that they possess an understanding of personal finance in order to make informed decisions that will affect their financial futures. In this course students will explore a variety of topics including make/spend/save/give, earned and unearned income, loans and credit cards, interest, personal income taxes, and investing. Students will study for an IRS exam that will allow them to complete personal income taxes through the Volunteer Income Tax Assistance program.

Women, Health, & Culture

Upper School

Grade 10

Seminars

Women, Health, & Culture is a semester-long seminar course taught by Walker’s director of health services. Using a medical model, comprehensive analysis of issues related to the health status and health care of women is presented in this course. A broad spectrum of topics is explored. Knowledge of health concerns of particular importance to women are shared to aid in maintaining wellness, as well as assisting in the identification and early treatment of specific physical illnesses. All students will be instructed in American Red Cross Child and Adult CPR as well as use of an automatic external defibrillator (AED). Women, Health, & Culture is designed to aid students in becoming critical thinkers about health and wellness issues facing young people today. It is expected that they will be knowledgeable about current events that affect young women. After class discussions on a specific topic, a short in-class opinion essay may be required. Class participation is an important part of this course.

Wellness

Upper School

Grade 10

Seminars

The Wellness course is based on concepts from positive psychology, and social and emotional intelligence to help students develop a strong sense of well being. Activities are designed to strengthen self-awareness, emotional resilience, and self-esteem. Using tools such as the Johari Window, students learn relationship-building skills and develop social awareness. Other activities include identifying signature strengths using UPenn’s Authentic Happiness Site and practicing mindful meditation. Additional topics include healthy sleep habits, stress management, and learning and memory. Grades are based on in-class activities as well as independent journaling. A significant part of the grade is based on class citizenship, including participation in class discussions and consistent demonstration of active listening skills and respect for others.

Engineering

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Science

Credits: .5

Prerequisite: Departmental Approval

This is a semester-long course for students who have demonstrated passion for overcoming challenges in innovative ways. Through this 100% hands-on, project-based course, students will immerse themselves in the process of engineering – defining a problem and identifying its constraints, brainstorming solutions, creating and evaluating a prototype, iterating to improve their prototype, and communicating their solution. Students will develop confidence and fluidity in this process over the course of the semester. The challenges encountered in this course will focus on different types of  engineering, possibly including mechanical, electrical, civil, and environmental engineering. Students will develop skills in group collaboration and will be encouraged to make use of all of their available tools and resources. Students will be evaluated based on in-class engagement, fulfillment of project components, documentation of their unique engineering process, written reflections, and an analysis of their work.

Honors Chemistry

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Science

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Honors Physics 9 and concurrent enrollment in Honors Algebra 2 or departmental approval

The Honors Chemistry course covers content similar to the Chemistry course with the addition of stoichiometry and acid-base chemistry. The course is fast paced and requires a sophisticated depth of analysis. As students progress through the year, their work increasingly focuses on the applications of basic concepts and involves complex multistep problem solving. Lab work includes a focus on experimental design and requires more involved error analysis. This is a rigorous course with high expectations for student effort and commitment.

Chemistry

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Science

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Algebra 1

Chemistry is a laboratory-based course that allows students to discover basic chemical principles and understand how to use them to make sense of the world around them. The course covers the scientific method, measurement, atomic theory, nomenclature, chemical quantities, chemical reactions, aqueous chemistry, bonding, and gas laws. Students learn how to work both collaboratively and individually.

Laboratory work emphasizes making careful observations, learning correct measuring and data collection techniques, analyzing data, and discussing errors. Projects each semester enable students to explore how chemistry is relevant to their daily lives.

Advanced Computer Science

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Mathematics

Credits: .5

Open to Grades 11-12, and sophomores with approval of instructor.

Advanced Computer Science aims to introduce students to a broad array of concepts in computer science. Students will use the Javascript programming language to explore complex problem solving, algorithm design and implementation, and coding their own program. Topics include number systems, the internet, data visualization and various programming concepts such as variables, loops, arrays, object, formal logic, and processing.

Statistics

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Mathematics

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Algebra 2 and departmental approval

Open to Grades 11-12, and sophomores with approval of instructor.

Topics will include: probability & statistics, sampling, data analysis, combinations/permutations, and notation. This class is best suited for students who are looking for a fourth year of math that would provide them with real world and applicable math skills.

Advanced French: Francophone Caribbean Literature

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: French 4/Honors French 4 and departmental approval

This course focuses on the literature and culture of the French-speaking Caribbean. Students will continue to hone their linguistic skills by engaging with some of the French-speaking Caribbean’s most important literary figures, including Maryse Condé (Guadeloupe), Aimé Césaire (Martinique), and René Depestre (Haiti). In addition to literary texts, students will examine the painting, music, history, and politics of the region. Students enrolling in this course must have considerable competence in speaking, listening, reading, and writing in French.

The linguistic focus of this course is increased fluency, accuracy, and complexity in all modes of communication.

Honors French 4

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of French 3 with an A- or higher and departmental approval

This course covers the same content areas as French 4, but with a stronger emphasis on effective communication in all areas (presentational speaking/writing, interpersonal speaking, interpretive listening/reading) of the language. Students can also expect to engage with more challenging materials in the language.

French 4

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of French 3 and departmental approval

This course is a continuation of French 3. Students will be able to communicate effectively and at length on a wide range of topics, research, present and exchange detailed information on topics beyond their field of interest, clarify misunderstandings and ask for clarification, understand speech and text on unfamiliar topics, and write detailed compositions in various time frames. Vocabulary includes social media, social challenges, colleges and universities, legal rights, politics, and French and Francophone history and culture. Grammar includes a revision of all tenses; passive forms; direct and indirect discourse; the past conditional; the participe présent and the gérondif; faire vs. laisser; and the causative.

Honors French 3

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of French 2 with an A- or higher and departmental approval

This course covers the same content areas as French 3, but with a stronger emphasis on effective communication in all areas (presentational speaking/writing, interpersonal speaking, interpretive listening/reading) of the language. Students can also expect to engage with more challenging materials in the language.

French 3

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of French 2 and departmental approval

This course is a continuation of French 2. Students will be able to participate with confidence in conversations on a variety of topics, describe people, places, things, and experiences in various time frames, express opinions, support a point of view with argument and evidence, give and follow detailed instructions, make suggestions, and research and present a topic of interest. Vocabulary includes travel, art and literature, media, extended family, types of housing, education, health care, and citizenship. Grammar includes a revision of present, past, and future tenses; the plus-que-parfait; the subjunctive; que and lequel; the verbs penser, croire, and espérer; and relative pronouns.

Honors French 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of French 1 with a grade of A- or higher and departmental approval

This course covers the same content areas as French 2, but with a stronger emphasis on effective communication in all areas (presentational speaking/writing, interpersonal speaking, interpretive listening/reading) of the language. Students can also expect to engage with more challenging materials in the language.

French 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of French 1 with a grade of C+ or higher or departmental approval

This course is a continuation of French 1. Students will be able to conduct conversations on a variety of familiar topics, meet basic needs such as making a reservation, expressing preferences, summarizing information, talking about the past, and making plans for the future. Vocabulary includes technology, measurements and quantities, money, musical genres and instruments, mode of transportation, daily routines, and nature and the environment. Grammar includes a revision of the present tense; the passé composé and the imparfait; être vs. avoir; reflexive verbs; savoir vs. connaître; the future; tonic pronouns; indirect and direct object pronouns and their order.

French 1

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

This course serves as an introduction to the French language through reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Students will be able to present information about themselves and others, ask and answer familiar questions, express likes and dislikes, give advice, and communicate about everyday life including family, hobbies and pastimes, school, community, and health. Vocabulary includes salutations, common interrogatives, telling the date/time, numbers, the alphabet, colors, family members, professions, weather, foods, parts of the body, clothing, physical characteristics and personality traits, sports and hobbies, geography, and classroom objects. Grammar includes the conjugation of regular verbs in -er, -ir, and -re; common irregular verbs; the present, near future, and recent past; definite and indefinite articles; the partitive; gender and number agreement; adjectives and their placement; adverbs and their placement; negation; forming questions with est-ce que; and expressions of necessity. Students will explore relevant topics in French and Francophone culture (e.g. body language, eating habits) and discuss these in relation to their own culture.

Advanced Spanish

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

This course will focus on the literary genre of Magical Realism through the work of various Latin-American writers. Magical Realism engages the usual devices of narrative realism, but with an added element: the supernatural is an ordinary matter – an everyday occurrence – integrated into the rationality of literary realism. This style of writing predominated the literary “boom period” in Latin America, reflecting the political and social climate in the 60s and 70s. Students will read a number of short stories written by “boom writers,” along with the novel Cien Años de Soledad (One Hundred Years of Solitude), written by Colombian author, Gabriel Garcia Marquez.

Spanish 5

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 4 or higher and departmental approval

This course is designed for students who want to strengthen their speaking and writing abilities. The focus of this course is on conversation and composition writing with topics pulled from the textbook as well as those suggested by students. Students are given the opportunity to sharpen their conversation skills by presenting arguments in class debates, giving oral presentations and putting together theatrical productions. Students are asked to write journal entries and compositions weekly. Students are expected to watch Spanish television and listen to Spanish music as often as possible. Students are also expected to overcome any barriers created by grammatical struggles by reviewing these points for homework.

Honors Spanish 4

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Honors Spanish 3 and departmental approval

In this course, students will learn about the history, contemporary life, art, and culture of Spain and Latin America, while reinforcing and building upon communication skills developed in Levels 1-3. This course uses authentic literature and film to illustrate Spanish and Latin American perspectives. Students are expected to make cultural comparisons, participate in individual and group analysis, and draw conclusions about historical and current events. Students will use their advanced language skills to express their ideas through presentational and interpersonal activities that promote effective oral and written communication. This course is more rigorous in pace, content, and expectations than Spanish 4.

Spanish 4

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 3 or Honors Spanish 3 and departmental approval

In this course students will learn about the history, contemporary life, art, and culture of Spain and Latin America, while reinforcing and building upon communication skills developed in Levels 1-3. This course uses authentic literature and film to expose students to Spanish and Latin American perspectives. Students are expected to make cultural comparisons, participate in individual and group analysis, and draw conclusions about historical and current events. Students will use their advanced language skills to express their ideas through presentational and interpersonal activities that promote effective oral and written communication.

Honors Spanish 3

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 2 with a grade of A- or higher and departmental approval

This course covers the same content areas as Spanish 3, but with stronger emphasis on effective communication in all areas of the target language. Students read additional short stories and literary pieces by Spanish and Latin American authors. They also write more compositions of a greater length.

Spanish 3

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 2 and departmental approval

In this course, students receive a review of grammar with special emphasis on structures that are particularly problematic. There is a more sophisticated approach to writing and self-expression in the language. The focus of the course continues to be effective communication with more emphasis on developing writing and speaking skills along with reading and listening comprehension. Students investigate current events of the Spanish-speaking world and make cultural connections to authentic material. Grammatical concepts include: a review of the present, preterite, and imperfect tenses; reflective verbs; possessive adjectives; comparisons and superlatives; direct and indirect object pronouns; present progressive and past progressive. New grammar concepts include: all perfect tenses including present and present perfect of subjunctive; subjunctive versus indicative; subjunctive with impersonal expressions; to express wishes and hopes, and with expression of doubt and emotion; future tenses; and por vs. para.

Honors Spanish 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 1 with an average of A- or higher and departmental approval

This course covers the same content areas as Spanish 2, but with stronger emphasis on effective communication in all areas of the target language. Students read short stories and literary pieces by Spanish and Latin American authors, in addition to readings from the textbook. They also write more compositions.

Spanish 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 1 with a grade of C+ or higher or departmental approval

In this course, students will improve communication skills in listening, speaking, reading, and writing. They also will gain additional cultural knowledge and awareness about the areas of the world in which Spanish is spoken. This course begins with the review of basic grammar points along with more complex structures. Grammatical concepts include verb tenses of the present, the preterit, imperfect, present and past progressive, future and conditional, imperative, and a brief introduction to the present subjunctive. Additional grammatical concepts include: tener + que, por and para; saber vs. conocer; comparisons; equality concepts; hacer + time expressions; possessive adjectives; direct and indirect object pronouns; informal and formal commands; personal and reflexive pronouns; demonstrative pronouns; use of prepositions; and adjective and adverbial expressions.

Spanish 1

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

This course introduces and develops the four basic skills of reading, listening, writing, and speaking. Cultural topics from around the world are explored, and discussed in relation to students’ cultures. Vocabulary required for mastery includes salutations, family members, the school day, occupations, indicating location, telling the day/date/year/time, the alphabet, numbers, weather, foods, animals, parts of the body, clothing, descriptions of physical characteristics/basic personality traits, sports/pastimes, directions, places around town, the house, and question words. Verb conjugation is explored in detail to include all regular and irregular verbs in the present indicative, immediate future, formal commands, stem-changing and reflexive verbs. Other grammatical concepts studied in Spanish 1 include: definite and indefinite articles; gender and number agreement; subject pronouns; direct object pronouns, and indirect object pronouns; affirmative and negative expressions; the differences between ser and estar; idiomatic expressions with tener, hacer, and gustar; the verb ir; demonstrative/possessive adjectives; diminutives, the superlative, and comparisons; the personal “a”; and expressing likes and dislikes.

Advanced Latin: Cicero

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Cicero was a great orator, politician, and philosopher during the Roman Republic. This was a time of great social and political upheaval. Cicero’s writings give us insights into this time, his beliefs about politics, education, philosophy, and social norms. In this class, students explore these themes and Cicero’s thoughts on these issues and ideas through a close reading of surviving texts. Selections from Cicero’s letters and philosophical works will be read both in Latin and in English.

Advanced Latin: Virgil’s Aeneid

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Departmental Approval

Students will read and interpret Virgil’s Aeneid in this course. This story of Aeneas’ wanderings from Troy to Italy contains an exquisite combination of mythology and current events that has thrilled students from the moment it was written. Students will explore themes of leadership, fate, and family and will examine the beauty of this epic poem through a study of the meter, word order, poetic device, and vocabulary. Students will also delve into the the politics and propaganda of the Age of Augustus and explore our own issues with empire and unwanted war. Students will read selections of the poem in Latin and the entire poem in English.

Advanced Latin: Catullus, Ovid, and Virgil: The Lasting Influence of Mythology in Art and Literature

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Departmental Approval

Students will read myths by Catullus, Ovid, and Vergil. In addition to analyzing and interpreting these works, students will also explore how this relates to contemporary art and literature. Students produce a piece of art or literature which reflects the style, subject, and influences of the original works.

Advanced Latin: Plautus and Terence: Roman Comedy

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Departmental Approval

Students will read excerpts from the plays of Plautus and Terence. In addition to analyzing and interpreting these plays, students will also explore the development of Roman comedy and its influences on later writers. Students produce a piece of art or literature which reflects the style, subject, and influences of the original works.

Honors Latin 3

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Latin 2 with an A- or better and departmental approval

This course covers the same content as Latin 3 at a pace and depth that is greater and more challenging for our top Latin students at this level.

Latin 3

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Latin 2 and departmental approval

Students will continue a review and practice of the grammar and vocabulary covered in Latin 1 and 2. Students will cover material that will make their knowledge of Latin grammar almost complete. At this level, students also begin to translate selections from Latin authors in the original language. We will read selections from Caesar, Virgil, and Cicero. In addition to the translation of the material, students examine the meter and literary style of the works, and their cultural and historical setting, including a study of the Late Republic and the early Empire.

Honors Latin 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Latin 1 with an A- or better and departmental approval

This course covers the same content as Latin 2 at a pace and depth that is greater and more challenging for our top Latin students at this level.

Latin 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Prerequisite: Completion of Latin 1 with a grade of C+ or better or departmental approval

In Latin 2, students will reinforce and add to their knowledge of Latin inflection and vocabulary. In particular, there will be an introduction to complex sentence structure, including many uses of the subjunctive. Students will practice grammatical drills, comprehension, and translation, and will begin to read sections from Caesar, Cicero and Catullus. Students will learn about the cultural and political contexts of the prescribed literature. Cultural and historical material includes the Roman Republic, government offices, Punic Wars, chariot races, gladiatorial games, baths, theater, and the calendar.

Latin 1

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

This course serves as an introduction to the Latin language. By the end of the course, students will have a grounding in many of the inflections of Latin verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and complex sentences, a vocabulary of some four hundred words and the ability to translate basic prose passages. The linguistic elements are the most important part of the course, but students also learn about a variety of distinctive institutions and customs of the Romans such as religion and funeral customs, roads/transportation, houses, meals, family, clothing, education, names, and the city of Rome. Students will also study the geography of ancient Rome, the foundation myth of Rome, Roman monarchy, the early heroes of Rome, and Greek and Roman mythology. Students will learn about the connections between Latin and English through the study of the etymology of English words and common Latin phrases and abbreviations still used in English.

Art History: Ancient Egypt to the Renaissance

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

History and Social Science

Credits: .5

This course is cross-listed with both the Visual Arts and History Departments.

This course will provide a multidisciplinary approach to the study of art and architectural history. Students will gain an understanding of the differences between a formal and contextual analysis of a work of art, learn to formulate a thesis, and engage in both forms of analysis. Students will view the art through a lens of historical events, literature, music, and the social context of the time periods studied. This course begins by looking at Ancient Egyptian art and architecture through Europe, the Middle East, and Asia into the Renaissance. By studying great works from within these artistic periods, students will gain a better understanding of the visual art of each era and how they fit within the context of their time.

Advanced Human Geography

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

History and Social Science

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Departmental Approval

This course is a fast-paced, upper-level social studies course that introduces students to the patterns and processes that have shaped the understanding, use and alterations of Earth. Students will be expected to understand and analyze maps and spatial data, recognize the different regions of the world, and understand how events and processes influence one another. Topics covered include population, cultural patterns, cities and urban land use, and economic development.

Honors Foundations of the Modern World

Upper School

Grade 10

History and Social Science

Credits: 1

This course will cover the same content and themes as Foundations of the Modern World, incorporating more challenging readings and aiming for highly developed and nuanced writing. Assessments will largely center around document-based writing, and students will use scholarly sources to complete a final research paper.

Foundations of the Modern World

Upper School

Grade 10

History and Social Science

Credits: 1

Honors level also available

Foundations of the Modern World is an inquiry-based course that investigates how ideas, individuals, and social, political, and economic forces can serve to both integrate people and proliferate differences. Building on students’ understandings of worldwide patterns of interaction from Global Connections, Foundations will zoom in on the world since 1500, beginning with the birth of the modern nation-state. Students will first explore how historians interpret and reinterpret the past, then move into 18th century ideas and revolutions, the causes and effects of global industrialization and imperialism, and global war and peace. The course will culminate with a research project assessing how an individual can impact the world. Within each unit, students will examine how historical themes connect to, and help explain, modern world events as they unfold. Rich content and intentional skill instruction work simultaneously throughout the year, as students engage with a variety of written, visual, primary, and secondary sources, hone their historical thinking skills through developing evidence-based arguments, and communicate their ideas through clear, compelling speaking and writing.

Honors English 10: Literature of Identity

Upper School

Grade 10

English

Credits: 1

In all cultures on earth, people discover their own individual identities in the contexts familial, cultural, linguistic, religious, political, and historical. The job of the individual, in many of the greatest works of literature, is to construct, and often, to protect a self, the identity that can withstand the slings and arrows of the world outside of itself. With an eye toward introducing works from each of the continents and in a wide variety of genres, we present the students with works in which cultures reflect and are reflected by compelling individual selves.

A major poetry project prompts students to discover the poems from a place of their own interest, and we work through the challenges of poetic and cultural translation. Works may include: Shakespeare’s Othello or Macbeth, Murakami’s The Elephant Vanishes, Ibsen’s A Doll’s House, Sagan’s Bonjour, Tristesse, Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus, Mishima’s The Sailor Who Fell from Grace with the Sea, Roy’s The God of Small Things, poetry by Du Fu, Szymborska, Amichai, Neruda, Lorca, Akhmatova. Students research and present a significant poetry project after a serious study of the genre.

The Honors 10th grade English course will require lengthier and more challenging readings, essay topics, oral presentations, and original research. Students in honors are expected to read with interest and intellectual curiosity.

English 10: Literature of Identity

Upper School

Grade 10

English

Credits: 1

Honors level also available

In all cultures on earth, people discover their own individual identities in the contexts familial, cultural, linguistic, religious, political, and historical. The job of the individual, in many of the greatest works of literature, is to construct, and often, to protect a self, the identity that can withstand the slings and arrows of the world outside of itself. With an eye toward introducing works from each of the continents and in a wide variety of genres, we present the students with works in which cultures reflect and are reflected by compelling individual selves.

A major poetry project prompts students to discover the poems from a place of their own interest, and we work through the challenges of poetic and cultural translation. Works may include: Shakespeare’s Othello or Macbeth, Murakami’s The Elephant Vanishes, Ibsen’s A Doll’s House, Sagan’s Bonjour, Tristesse, Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus, Mishima’s The Sailor Who Fell from Grace with the Sea, Roy’s The God of Small Things, poetry by Du Fu, Szymborska, Amichai, Neruda, Lorca, Akhmatova.