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Curriculum: World Languages

Advanced French: Literature and Culture in The Maghreb and West Africa

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: French 4/4H and departmental approval

This course focuses on providing students with an introductory examination of French-speaking, black African literature through short fictions, literature, music and cinema from Francophone Africa. Taught in French, this course will serve to both further develop the students’ French communication skills, as well as enhance their general knowledge of the francophone Maghrebi and West African regions, through reading course materials, completing written assignments, participating in class activities, listening to contextualizing lectures, and conducting student-led presentations. While analyzing literature and films, students will be exposed to a diverse number of intersectional topics such as national and cultural identity, race and class, gender and sexuality, transnationalism and migration, colonialism and decolonization, among other topics that might emerge from our student-led discussions. Readings may include works by authors such as Aimé Césaire, Albert Memmi, Assia Djebar, Dani Laferrière, Djibril Tamsir Niane, Fatou Diome, Leïla Sebbar, Léopold Senghor, Mariama Bâ, Maryse Condé, and Ousmane Sembène. Prerequisite: French 4/4H and departmental approval.

Advanced Spanish: Ibero-American Literature and Youth Culture

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Spanish 5/Spanish 4/4H and department approval

This class will explore youth culture in Spain and Latin America, and how young people express national and cultural identity and belonging. Our readings and films will explore broad themes of democracy and politics from the 20th and 21st centuries, and how discord and quickly changing societies shaped everyday life (education, work, family and friendships) in both Spain and the Americas. This class will continue to develop language proficiency and strengthen close reading skills, while allowing students to deepen cultural competency through creative projects that engage more deeply with works or themes they choose. Featured writers may include Carmen Laforet, Carmen Martín Gaite, Isabel Allende, Pablo Neruda, and Mario Benedetti. Prerequisite: Spanish 5/Spanish 4/4H and department approval.

Advanced French: Paris: Past, Present, and Future

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: French 4/4H and departmental approval

This course focuses on the history, architecture, and culture of Paris from its humble Roman beginnings to present-day initiatives that look toward a sustainable future. Students will continue to hone their linguistic skills by reading historical documents, articles, and literary works (drama, poetry, and prose) as well as by analyzing maps, paintings, and photographs. Students enrolling in this course must have considerable competence in speaking, listening, reading, and writing in French and a willingness to refine their French through significant independent work. The linguistic focus of this course is increased fluency, accuracy, and complexity in all modes of communication: presentational, interpersonal, and interpretive. Prerequisite: French 4/4H and departmental approval.

Not offered 2022-23

Advanced French: Literature and Culture of the French-Speaking Caribbean

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: French 4/4H and departmental approval

This course focuses on the literature and culture of the French-speaking Caribbean. Students will continue to hone their linguistic skills by engaging with some of the French-speaking Caribbean’s most important literary figures, including Maryse Condé (Guadeloupe), Aimé Césaire (Martinique), and René Depestre (Haiti). In addition to literary texts, students will examine the painting, music, history, and politics of the region. Students enrolling in this course must have considerable competence in speaking, listening, reading, and writing in French. The linguistic focus of this course is increased fluency, accuracy, and complexity in all modes of communication. Prerequisite: French 4/4H and departmental approval.

Not offered 2022-23

Advanced Spanish: Contemporary Life in the Spanish-Speaking World

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Spanish 5/Spanish 4/4H and department approval

Advanced Spanish is for Upper School students who have completed four previous Spanish courses, or have special permission from the Language Department. As such, the course will emphasize advanced communication and listening skills. Reading at an advanced level will consist of articles of varying topics, books, poetry, and short stories relating to contemporary themes. Writing skills will be enhanced to include personal narratives with emphasis on improved grammar, which will be an integral aspect of the course. Previously learned Spanish will be reviewed and reinforced, while advanced grammatical structures will be introduced for continued growth in presentational writing. Students will also continue to learn about the many cultures throughout the Spanish-speaking world through a global citizen lens. Prerequisite: Spanish 5/Spanish 4/4H and department approval.

Not offered 2022-23

Advanced Latin: What is Love? Latin Love Poetry

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Latin 3 and departmental approval

This course explores Roman ideas of love through the poetry of Catullus, Horace, Ovid and Sulpicia (one of the few female authors of the period whose work survives). Students in this course will learn about how the Romans perceived romantic relationships and how those ideas are both similar to and different from our ideas about love today. We will also examine the gendered experience of loving and being loved in the ancient world. In addition to continuing their study of the Latin language through these texts, students will work on their analytical writing through essays (in English) and creative assignments. Prerequisite: Latin 3 and departmental approval.

Not offered 2022-23

Spanish 1B

Middle School

Grade 7

World Languages

Open to Grade 7

Credits: 1

In Spanish 1B, learners will continue to expand their vocabulary and build upon the structures they acquired in Spanish 1A. By the end of the year, not only will they be able to talk about themselves and the familiar topics covered during the previous year with greater confidence and in greater complexity, they will also begin to develop narrative competency in multiple time frames as they talk about what they did in the past and what they will do in the future.

French 1B

Middle School

Grade 7

World Languages

Open to Grade 7

Credits: 1

In French 1B, learners will continue to expand their vocabulary and build upon the structures they acquired in French 1A. By the end of the year, not only will they be able to talk about themselves and the familiar topics covered during the previous year with greater confidence and in greater complexity, they will also begin to develop narrative competency in multiple time frames as they talk about what they did in the past and what they will do in the future.

Spanish 1A

Middle School

Grade 6, Grade 7

World Languages

Open to Grades 6-7

Credits: 1

This course serves as an introduction to the Spanish language through reading, writing, speaking, and listening. By the end of the year, learners will be able to talk about very familiar topics: themselves; the weather; their likes, dislikes, and preferences; their families and homes; and their favorite pastimes and hobbies. Learners will also discover the many places in the world where Spanish is spoken through music, video, artifacts, and projects.

French 1A

Middle School

Grade 6, Grade 7

World Languages

Open to Grades 6-7

Credits: 1

This course serves as an introduction to the French language through reading, writing, speaking, and listening. By the end of the year, learners will be able to talk about very familiar topics, including: themselves; the weather; their likes, dislikes, and preferences; their families and homes; and their favorite pastimes and hobbies. Learners will also discover the many places in the world where French is spoken through music, video, artifacts, and projects.

Honors French 4

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of French 3 and departmental approval

Learners who are interested in earning Honors credit are required to complete independently motivated work. This work encompasses tasks using all appropriate modes of communication: interpretive reading, interpretive listening, presentational writing and speaking, and interpersonal speaking. Additionally, learners who wish to earn Honors credit will be held to higher expectations on assessments. Prerequisite: completion of French 3 and departmental approval.

French 4

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of French 3

This course is a continuation of French 3. Learners will examine the history, contemporary life, art, and culture of the French-speaking world, while reinforcing and building upon the skills developed in Levels 1-3. This course uses authentic literature and film to expose learners to diverse Francophone perspectives. Learners are expected to make cultural comparisons, participate in individual and group analysis, and draw conclusions about historical and current events. By the end of the year, learners will be able to express themselves fully and spontaneously in paragraph-length language on a wide variety of everyday topics as well
as topics of personal or general interest. Learners will be able to formulate and support hypotheses, make arguments, and sustain narration in multiple time frames. Students will be able to negotiate meaning in a wide range of unfamiliar contexts with confidence. Prerequisite: completion of French 3.

French 3

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of French 2

This course is a continuation of French 2. Learners will build upon the structures they acquired in French 2 and engage in the target language with greater ease. By the end of the year, learners will be able to express themselves in increasingly complex sentences on a variety of everyday topics, topics of personal interest, and studied topics. Specific structures that learners will acquire include: what they should/could/would have done, what they would/could/should do, as well as expressing counterfactuals, necessity, opinions, and feelings. Learners will be able to comfortably negotiate meaning in a range of unfamiliar contexts. Prerequisite: completion of French 2.

French 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of French 1

This course is a continuation of French 1. Learners will build upon the structures they acquired in French 1 and engage in the target language with greater ease. By the end of the year, learners will be able to express themselves in complete sentences on a variety of familiar topics. Specific structures that learners will acquire include: what they were doing or used to do and what they will do. Prerequisite: completion of French 1.

French 1

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 8-12

Credits: 1

This course serves as an introduction to the French language through reading, writing, speaking, and listening. By the end of the year, learners will be able to talk about very familiar topics: themselves; the weather; their likes, dislikes, and preferences; their families and homes; their favorite pastimes and hobbies; what they did over the past weekend as well as what they are going to do over the next weekend; and what they want to do versus what they can or must do. Learners will develop the ability to negotiate meaning in unfamiliar contexts.

Advanced Spanish: Modern Literature and Advanced Topics

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Spanish 5/Spanish 4/4H and department approval

Students will read and interpret texts of representative Hispanic writers within the 20th and 21st centuries, but with a special focus on contemporary authors. Students will explore and analyze the poems, short stories, and essays from writers such as Juan Rulfo, Emilia Pardo Bazán, Ana María Matute, Nancy Morejón, Rubén Darío, and Isabel Allende. The course will revolve around student commentary and analysis of texts within historical and cultural contexts, thereby requiring daily oral and written participation from all students. Prerequisite: Spanish 5/Spanish 4/4H and department approval.

Not offered 2022-23

Honors Spanish 4

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 3 and departmental approval

Learners who are interested in earning Honors credit are required to complete independently motivated work. This work encompasses tasks using all appropriate modes of communication: interpretive reading, interpretive listening, presentational writing and speaking, and interpersonal speaking. Additionally, learners who wish to earn Honors credit will be held to higher expectations on assessments. Prerequisite: completion of Spanish 3 and departmental approval.

Spanish 4

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 3

This course is a continuation of Spanish 3. Learners will examine the history, contemporary life, art, and culture of Spain and Latin America, while reinforcing and building upon the skills developed in Levels 1-3. This course uses authentic literature and film to expose students to Spanish and Latin American perspectives as well as the importance of Spanish in the United States. Learners are expected to make cultural comparisons, participate in individual and group analysis, and draw conclusions about historical and current events. By the end of the year, learners will be able to express themselves fully and spontaneously in paragraph-length language on a wide variety of everyday topics as well as topics of personal or general interest. Learners will be able to formulate and support hypotheses, make arguments, and sustain narration in multiple time frames. Students will be able to negotiate meaning in a wide range of unfamiliar contexts with confidence. Prerequisite: completion of Spanish 3.

Spanish 3

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 2

This course is a continuation of Spanish 2. Learners will build upon the structures they acquired in Spanish 2 and engage in the target language with greater ease. By the end of the year, learners will be able to express themselves in increasingly complex sentences on a variety of everyday topics, topics of personal interest, and studied topics. Specific structures that learners will acquire include: what they should/could/would have done, what they would/could/should do, necessity, opinions, and feelings. Learners will be able to comfortably negotiate meaning in a wide range of unfamiliar contexts. Prerequisite: completion of Spanish 2.

Spanish 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 1

This course is a continuation of Spanish 1. Learners will build upon the structures they acquired in Spanish 1 and engage in the target language with greater ease. By the end of the year, learners will be able to express themselves in complete sentences on a variety of familiar topics. Specific structures that learners will acquire include: what they were doing or used to do and what they will do. Learners will continue to develop the ability to negotiate meaning in unfamiliar contexts. Prerequisite: completion of Spanish 1.

Spanish 1

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 8-12

Credits: 1

This course serves as an introduction to the Spanish language through reading, writing, speaking, and listening. By the end of the year, learners will be able to talk about very familiar topics: themselves; the weather; their likes, dislikes, and preferences; their families and homes; their favorite pastimes and hobbies; what they did over the past weekend as well as what they are going to do over the next weekend; what they want to do versus what they can or must do, as well as developing the ability to negotiate meaning in unfamiliar contexts.

Advanced Latin: Dido and Aeneas: Love, Loss and Leadership

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Latin 3 and departmental approval

This class explores the characters of Dido and Aeneas, two central figures in Roman literature. Beginning with Elissa: Dux Femina Facti, a novella about Dido, refugee queen of the Phoenician people, students explore the mythology and character of this famous female figure. From there students read excerpts of Book IV of Virgil’s Aeneid, a central text of Roman literature. Through a study of meter, word order, poetic device and vocabulary, we grapple with the themes of love and death, war and refugees, family and fate. In this class, we read selections of the poem in Latin and the entire poem in English. Students express themselves through analytical essays as well as creative projects. Prerequisite: Latin 3 and department approval.

Latin 3

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Latin 2

This course is a continuation of Latin 2. Learners will build upon the structures they acquired in Latin 2 and engage in the target language with greater ease. By the end of the year, learners will be able to read and understand increasingly complex sentences and will be able to comfortably negotiate meaning in a wide range of unfamiliar contexts. Novellas will explore topics in mythology and Roman history, including the story of Medusa in Medusa: Femina Potens et Fortis and the Nubian Queen Kandake Amanirenas in Kandake Amanirenas: Regina Nubiae. Prerequisite: Completion of Latin 2.

Latin 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Latin 1

In Latin 2, students begin to go deeper with their Latin language skills, learning more challenging and sophisticated grammatical concepts. Learners will build upon the structures they acquired in Latin 1 and engage in the target language with greater ease. Students are assessed through reading novellas of increasing length and difficulty, and explore Roman culture through the extended world of young Roman friends, Syra, Piso and Sextus. We also explore the myths of the Zodiac and discuss the impact of those stories in the ancient world and today. Prerequisite: Completion of Latin 1.