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Curriculum: World Languages

Spanish 1B

Middle School

Grade 8

World Languages

Credits: 1

In Spanish 1B, learners will continue to expand their vocabulary and build upon the structures they acquired in Spanish 1A. By the end of the year, they will be able to talk about themselves and the familiar topics covered during the previous year with greater confidence and in greater complexity. They also will begin to develop narrative competency in multiple time frames as they talk about what they did in the past and what they will do in the future.

French 1B

Middle School

Grade 8

World Languages

Credits: 1

In French 1B, learners will continue to expand their vocabulary and build upon the structures they acquired in French 1A. By the end of the year, they will be able to talk about themselves and the familiar topics covered during the previous year with greater confidence and in greater complexity. They also will begin to develop narrative competency in multiple time frames as they talk about what they did in the past and what they will do in the future.

Spanish 1A

Middle School

Grade 7

World Languages

Credits: 1

This course serves as an introduction to the Spanish language through reading, writing, speaking, and listening. By the end of the year, learners will be able to talk about very familiar topics: themselves; the weather; their likes, dislikes, and preferences; their families and homes; and their favorite pastimes and hobbies. Learners will also discover the many places in the world where Spanish is spoken through music, video, artifacts, and projects.

French 1A

Middle School

Grade 7

World Languages

Credits: 1

This course serves as an introduction to the French language through reading, writing, speaking, and listening. By the end of the year, learners will be able to talk about very familiar topics, including: themselves; the weather; their likes, dislikes, and preferences; their families and homes; and their favorite pastimes and hobbies. Learners will also discover the many places in the world where French is spoken through music, video, artifacts, and projects.

Foundations of Language

Middle School

Grade 6

World Languages

Required for Grade 6

Credits: 1

Foundations in Language is a sixth grade course designed to give students a strong understanding of English grammar, with an eye towards the foreign language study that will follow. The first semester sees students undertaking a rigorous survey of English grammar: parts of speech and their grammatical functions, followed by a study of phrases, clauses, and their syntactical functions in sentences. In the second semester, students learn the basics of Latin grammar, exploring the similarities and differences in English and Latin thought structures.

Advanced French: Francophone Caribbean Literature

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: French 4/Honors French 4 and departmental approval

This course focuses on the literature and culture of the French-speaking Caribbean. Students will continue to hone their linguistic skills by engaging with some of the French-speaking Caribbean’s most important literary figures, including Maryse Condé (Guadeloupe), Aimé Césaire (Martinique), and René Depestre (Haiti). In addition to literary texts, students will examine the painting, music, history, and politics of the region. Students enrolling in this course must have considerable competence in speaking, listening, reading, and writing in French.

The linguistic focus of this course is increased fluency, accuracy, and complexity in all modes of communication.

Honors French 4

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of French 3 with an A- or higher and departmental approval

This course covers the same content areas as French 4, but with a stronger emphasis on effective communication in all areas (presentational speaking/writing, interpersonal speaking, interpretive listening/reading) of the language. Students can also expect to engage with more challenging materials in the language.

French 4

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of French 3 and departmental approval

This course is a continuation of French 3. Students will be able to communicate effectively and at length on a wide range of topics, research, present and exchange detailed information on topics beyond their field of interest, clarify misunderstandings and ask for clarification, understand speech and text on unfamiliar topics, and write detailed compositions in various time frames. Vocabulary includes social media, social challenges, colleges and universities, legal rights, politics, and French and Francophone history and culture. Grammar includes a revision of all tenses; passive forms; direct and indirect discourse; the past conditional; the participe présent and the gérondif; faire vs. laisser; and the causative.

Honors French 3

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of French 2 with an A- or higher and departmental approval

This course covers the same content areas as French 3, but with a stronger emphasis on effective communication in all areas (presentational speaking/writing, interpersonal speaking, interpretive listening/reading) of the language. Students can also expect to engage with more challenging materials in the language.

French 3

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of French 2 and departmental approval

This course is a continuation of French 2. Students will be able to participate with confidence in conversations on a variety of topics, describe people, places, things, and experiences in various time frames, express opinions, support a point of view with argument and evidence, give and follow detailed instructions, make suggestions, and research and present a topic of interest. Vocabulary includes travel, art and literature, media, extended family, types of housing, education, health care, and citizenship. Grammar includes a revision of present, past, and future tenses; the plus-que-parfait; the subjunctive; que and lequel; the verbs penser, croire, and espérer; and relative pronouns.

Honors French 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of French 1 with a grade of A- or higher and departmental approval

This course covers the same content areas as French 2, but with a stronger emphasis on effective communication in all areas (presentational speaking/writing, interpersonal speaking, interpretive listening/reading) of the language. Students can also expect to engage with more challenging materials in the language.

French 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of French 1 with a grade of C+ or higher or departmental approval

This course is a continuation of French 1. Students will be able to conduct conversations on a variety of familiar topics, meet basic needs such as making a reservation, expressing preferences, summarizing information, talking about the past, and making plans for the future. Vocabulary includes technology, measurements and quantities, money, musical genres and instruments, mode of transportation, daily routines, and nature and the environment. Grammar includes a revision of the present tense; the passé composé and the imparfait; être vs. avoir; reflexive verbs; savoir vs. connaître; the future; tonic pronouns; indirect and direct object pronouns and their order.

French 1

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

This course serves as an introduction to the French language through reading, writing, speaking, and listening. Students will be able to present information about themselves and others, ask and answer familiar questions, express likes and dislikes, give advice, and communicate about everyday life including family, hobbies and pastimes, school, community, and health. Vocabulary includes salutations, common interrogatives, telling the date/time, numbers, the alphabet, colors, family members, professions, weather, foods, parts of the body, clothing, physical characteristics and personality traits, sports and hobbies, geography, and classroom objects. Grammar includes the conjugation of regular verbs in -er, -ir, and -re; common irregular verbs; the present, near future, and recent past; definite and indefinite articles; the partitive; gender and number agreement; adjectives and their placement; adverbs and their placement; negation; forming questions with est-ce que; and expressions of necessity. Students will explore relevant topics in French and Francophone culture (e.g. body language, eating habits) and discuss these in relation to their own culture.

Advanced Spanish

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

This course will focus on the literary genre of Magical Realism through the work of various Latin-American writers. Magical Realism engages the usual devices of narrative realism, but with an added element: the supernatural is an ordinary matter – an everyday occurrence – integrated into the rationality of literary realism. This style of writing predominated the literary “boom period” in Latin America, reflecting the political and social climate in the 60s and 70s. Students will read a number of short stories written by “boom writers,” along with the novel Cien Años de Soledad (One Hundred Years of Solitude), written by Colombian author, Gabriel Garcia Marquez.

Spanish 5

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 4 or higher and departmental approval

This course is designed for students who want to strengthen their speaking and writing abilities. The focus of this course is on conversation and composition writing with topics pulled from the textbook as well as those suggested by students. Students are given the opportunity to sharpen their conversation skills by presenting arguments in class debates, giving oral presentations and putting together theatrical productions. Students are asked to write journal entries and compositions weekly. Students are expected to watch Spanish television and listen to Spanish music as often as possible. Students are also expected to overcome any barriers created by grammatical struggles by reviewing these points for homework.

Honors Spanish 4

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Honors Spanish 3 and departmental approval

In this course, students will learn about the history, contemporary life, art, and culture of Spain and Latin America, while reinforcing and building upon communication skills developed in Levels 1-3. This course uses authentic literature and film to illustrate Spanish and Latin American perspectives. Students are expected to make cultural comparisons, participate in individual and group analysis, and draw conclusions about historical and current events. Students will use their advanced language skills to express their ideas through presentational and interpersonal activities that promote effective oral and written communication. This course is more rigorous in pace, content, and expectations than Spanish 4.

Spanish 4

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 3 or Honors Spanish 3 and departmental approval

In this course students will learn about the history, contemporary life, art, and culture of Spain and Latin America, while reinforcing and building upon communication skills developed in Levels 1-3. This course uses authentic literature and film to expose students to Spanish and Latin American perspectives. Students are expected to make cultural comparisons, participate in individual and group analysis, and draw conclusions about historical and current events. Students will use their advanced language skills to express their ideas through presentational and interpersonal activities that promote effective oral and written communication.

Honors Spanish 3

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 2 with a grade of A- or higher and departmental approval

This course covers the same content areas as Spanish 3, but with stronger emphasis on effective communication in all areas of the target language. Students read additional short stories and literary pieces by Spanish and Latin American authors. They also write more compositions of a greater length.

Spanish 3

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 2 and departmental approval

In this course, students receive a review of grammar with special emphasis on structures that are particularly problematic. There is a more sophisticated approach to writing and self-expression in the language. The focus of the course continues to be effective communication with more emphasis on developing writing and speaking skills along with reading and listening comprehension. Students investigate current events of the Spanish-speaking world and make cultural connections to authentic material. Grammatical concepts include: a review of the present, preterite, and imperfect tenses; reflective verbs; possessive adjectives; comparisons and superlatives; direct and indirect object pronouns; present progressive and past progressive. New grammar concepts include: all perfect tenses including present and present perfect of subjunctive; subjunctive versus indicative; subjunctive with impersonal expressions; to express wishes and hopes, and with expression of doubt and emotion; future tenses; and por vs. para.

Honors Spanish 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 1 with an average of A- or higher and departmental approval

This course covers the same content areas as Spanish 2, but with stronger emphasis on effective communication in all areas of the target language. Students read short stories and literary pieces by Spanish and Latin American authors, in addition to readings from the textbook. They also write more compositions.

Spanish 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 1 with a grade of C+ or higher or departmental approval

In this course, students will improve communication skills in listening, speaking, reading, and writing. They also will gain additional cultural knowledge and awareness about the areas of the world in which Spanish is spoken. This course begins with the review of basic grammar points along with more complex structures. Grammatical concepts include verb tenses of the present, the preterit, imperfect, present and past progressive, future and conditional, imperative, and a brief introduction to the present subjunctive. Additional grammatical concepts include: tener + que, por and para; saber vs. conocer; comparisons; equality concepts; hacer + time expressions; possessive adjectives; direct and indirect object pronouns; informal and formal commands; personal and reflexive pronouns; demonstrative pronouns; use of prepositions; and adjective and adverbial expressions.

Spanish 1

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

This course introduces and develops the four basic skills of reading, listening, writing, and speaking. Cultural topics from around the world are explored, and discussed in relation to students’ cultures. Vocabulary required for mastery includes salutations, family members, the school day, occupations, indicating location, telling the day/date/year/time, the alphabet, numbers, weather, foods, animals, parts of the body, clothing, descriptions of physical characteristics/basic personality traits, sports/pastimes, directions, places around town, the house, and question words. Verb conjugation is explored in detail to include all regular and irregular verbs in the present indicative, immediate future, formal commands, stem-changing and reflexive verbs. Other grammatical concepts studied in Spanish 1 include: definite and indefinite articles; gender and number agreement; subject pronouns; direct object pronouns, and indirect object pronouns; affirmative and negative expressions; the differences between ser and estar; idiomatic expressions with tener, hacer, and gustar; the verb ir; demonstrative/possessive adjectives; diminutives, the superlative, and comparisons; the personal “a”; and expressing likes and dislikes.

Advanced Latin: Cicero

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Cicero was a great orator, politician, and philosopher during the Roman Republic. This was a time of great social and political upheaval. Cicero’s writings give us insights into this time, his beliefs about politics, education, philosophy, and social norms. In this class, students explore these themes and Cicero’s thoughts on these issues and ideas through a close reading of surviving texts. Selections from Cicero’s letters and philosophical works will be read both in Latin and in English.

Advanced Latin: Virgil’s Aeneid

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Departmental Approval

Students will read and interpret Virgil’s Aeneid in this course. This story of Aeneas’ wanderings from Troy to Italy contains an exquisite combination of mythology and current events that has thrilled students from the moment it was written. Students will explore themes of leadership, fate, and family and will examine the beauty of this epic poem through a study of the meter, word order, poetic device, and vocabulary. Students will also delve into the the politics and propaganda of the Age of Augustus and explore our own issues with empire and unwanted war. Students will read selections of the poem in Latin and the entire poem in English.

Advanced Latin: Catullus, Ovid, and Virgil: The Lasting Influence of Mythology in Art and Literature

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Departmental Approval

Students will read myths by Catullus, Ovid, and Vergil. In addition to analyzing and interpreting these works, students will also explore how this relates to contemporary art and literature. Students produce a piece of art or literature which reflects the style, subject, and influences of the original works.

Advanced Latin: Plautus and Terence: Roman Comedy

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Departmental Approval

Students will read excerpts from the plays of Plautus and Terence. In addition to analyzing and interpreting these plays, students will also explore the development of Roman comedy and its influences on later writers. Students produce a piece of art or literature which reflects the style, subject, and influences of the original works.

Honors Latin 3

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Latin 2 with an A- or better and departmental approval

This course covers the same content as Latin 3 at a pace and depth that is greater and more challenging for our top Latin students at this level.

Latin 3

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Latin 2 and departmental approval

Students will continue a review and practice of the grammar and vocabulary covered in Latin 1 and 2. Students will cover material that will make their knowledge of Latin grammar almost complete. At this level, students also begin to translate selections from Latin authors in the original language. We will read selections from Caesar, Virgil, and Cicero. In addition to the translation of the material, students examine the meter and literary style of the works, and their cultural and historical setting, including a study of the Late Republic and the early Empire.

Honors Latin 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Latin 1 with an A- or better and departmental approval

This course covers the same content as Latin 2 at a pace and depth that is greater and more challenging for our top Latin students at this level.

Latin 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Prerequisite: Completion of Latin 1 with a grade of C+ or better or departmental approval

In Latin 2, students will reinforce and add to their knowledge of Latin inflection and vocabulary. In particular, there will be an introduction to complex sentence structure, including many uses of the subjunctive. Students will practice grammatical drills, comprehension, and translation, and will begin to read sections from Caesar, Cicero and Catullus. Students will learn about the cultural and political contexts of the prescribed literature. Cultural and historical material includes the Roman Republic, government offices, Punic Wars, chariot races, gladiatorial games, baths, theater, and the calendar.

Latin 1

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Credits: 1

This course serves as an introduction to the Latin language. By the end of the course, students will have a grounding in many of the inflections of Latin verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and complex sentences, a vocabulary of some four hundred words and the ability to translate basic prose passages. The linguistic elements are the most important part of the course, but students also learn about a variety of distinctive institutions and customs of the Romans such as religion and funeral customs, roads/transportation, houses, meals, family, clothing, education, names, and the city of Rome. Students will also study the geography of ancient Rome, the foundation myth of Rome, Roman monarchy, the early heroes of Rome, and Greek and Roman mythology. Students will learn about the connections between Latin and English through the study of the etymology of English words and common Latin phrases and abbreviations still used in English.