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Curriculum: Grade 11

General Enrollment Dance

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 6-12

Credits: Athletics

Fall, winter, and spring seasons

These classes are open to students at any level of dance from beginner to advanced. Students take classes in ballet, modern, jazz, and composition. Winter dance also counts towards the team sport requirement as it includes a performance.

Movie/Video Production & Streaming

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 0.5

This is a semester course designed to cover the two separate but related areas of:

1. All facets of movie production, including script writing, working with talent, camera work, sound, directing, locations, costume, props, and post production editing. Genres studied include shorts, feature films, documentaries, music videos. The course will involve hands-on, small team experience developing production timelines and filming with DSLR cameras after review of best-practice examples of each motion-picture type. Instruction in post-production editing techniques will be taught to allow finished products to be shown to the local community and/or entered into film showcases and festivals.

2. Work designed to create a live-streaming channel dedicated to live and recorded content centered on the Walker’s student experience. It includes aspects of studio work, live interviews, field recording, content production, show hosting, script writing and all in-front of camera and behind camera functions. The goal is to produce shows that air routinely in a published schedule that reflect the interests of the participating students and that mimic an in-house television station broadcast on a streaming platform.

Advanced Studio Art

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Studio Art or other relevant Visual Arts course and department approval

A one-year college-level course with heavy emphasis on portfolio production and review. Advanced art students will produce a series of sequential visual forms while exploring in greater depth a particular visual concern or inquiry, through practice, experimentation and revision. Emphasis will be placed on the Elements of Art, the Principles of Design, materials, processes and ideas, and skill development. Students will study and discuss historical and contemporary artists to aid in their own creations and development. Students may choose to submit portfolios to the Advanced Placement Program in the Spring in any of AP Drawing, AP 2D Art and Design, or AP 3D Art and Design. The course is taught in the same physical space and time block as the Studio Art course. Prerequisite: Studio Art or other relevant Visual Arts course and department approval.

Ceramics 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 0.5

Prerequisite: Ceramics 1

This is a one-semester course for the higher level ceramics student, who has already completed Ceramics 1 and has mastered the basics of throwing pottery on the wheel. In this course, students will explore the act of combining hand-built elements with wheel-thrown pieces. Projects will include teapots, nesting bowls, water pitchers, vegetable steamers, ring holders, and citrus juicers. Students will also be tasked with using the principles of design to create an effective and attractive composition for an independently produced original piece of art, which may be either decorative or utilitarian. Prerequisite: Ceramics 1.

Integrated Math

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Mathematics

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Algebra 2

In this course students will review advanced concepts they studied in Algebra 2, explore basic statistics and probability, and be introduced to trigonometry. These topics will challenge students to solve real world problems, apply skills, and work collaboratively with peers. The course is best suited for students who need further review of topics covered in previous math courses before considering higher-level courses, such as Calculus. Prerequisite: Algebra 2.

Advanced French: Literature and Culture in The Maghreb and West Africa

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: French 4/4H and departmental approval

This course focuses on providing students with an introductory examination of French-speaking, black African literature through short fictions, literature, music and cinema from Francophone Africa. Taught in French, this course will serve to both further develop the students’ French communication skills, as well as enhance their general knowledge of the francophone Maghrebi and West African regions, through reading course materials, completing written assignments, participating in class activities, listening to contextualizing lectures, and conducting student-led presentations. While analyzing literature and films, students will be exposed to a diverse number of intersectional topics such as national and cultural identity, race and class, gender and sexuality, transnationalism and migration, colonialism and decolonization, among other topics that might emerge from our student-led discussions. Readings may include works by authors such as Aimé Césaire, Albert Memmi, Assia Djebar, Dani Laferrière, Djibril Tamsir Niane, Fatou Diome, Leïla Sebbar, Léopold Senghor, Mariama Bâ, Maryse Condé, and Ousmane Sembène. Prerequisite: French 4/4H and departmental approval.

Advanced Spanish: Ibero-American Literature and Youth Culture

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Spanish 5/Spanish 4/4H and department approval

This class will explore youth culture in Spain and Latin America, and how young people express national and cultural identity and belonging. Our readings and films will explore broad themes of democracy and politics from the 20th and 21st centuries, and how discord and quickly changing societies shaped everyday life (education, work, family and friendships) in both Spain and the Americas. This class will continue to develop language proficiency and strengthen close reading skills, while allowing students to deepen cultural competency through creative projects that engage more deeply with works or themes they choose. Featured writers may include Carmen Laforet, Carmen Martín Gaite, Isabel Allende, Pablo Neruda, and Mario Benedetti. Prerequisite: Spanish 5/Spanish 4/4H and department approval.

World Religions

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

History and Social Science

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 0.5

In order to be a culturally competent global citizen, one must understand the motivations, traditions, and cultural forces that influence the globe, including religion. Though the United States is an increasingly secular state, other parts of the world are strongly influenced by their religious traditions, informing international relations, social values, and the global marketplace. This class will address the religious practices of the major world religions and the vast spectrum of beliefs within each that makes it difficult to generalize about them. To honor the living traditions that we are studying, we will not only examine but will also find ways to experience the Hindu Traditions and various Yogas, Buddhism and Meditation (or the interpretation of a Koan), Taoism and Tai Chi, Islam and Prayer, Christianity and Worship, Judaism and the study of the Torah, and native Aboriginal and American relationships to the Earth. In the midst of this quest, we will consider the way astrology, cults, New Age practices, and mindfulness function as derivatives of religious intent.

Modern Migrations

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

History and Social Science

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 0.5

The movement of people has been the stimulus for the spreading of innovation and culture since the rise of agriculture. The earliest patterns of migration are heavily responsible for the ways in which our countries look and operate today. People haven’t stopped moving, though. In fact, the rise of technology has made it even easier for individuals and families to move from one place to another in our world today. One could argue that the movement of people and the culture systems they bring with them will fundamentally alter our world’s future.

This course will rely heavily on current events to help students understand modern day migration patterns, the reasons for movement, and the challenges that arise when people move from one place to another. Students will use case studies to investigate the ways in which migration has political, economic and social effects on countries, and will learn both the positives and negatives associated with international migration.

Race Against the Machine: The Protests of 1968

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

History and Social Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 0.5

1968 was a watershed moment not just in the United States, but around the globe. As the world experiences another moment of unprecedented social shift, this course will dive into the not- so-distant past to examine the role that students played in protests in North America, Eastern Europe, and Africa. In examining the events, social movements, and lasting legacy of 1968, we will seek not only to understand the individual movements but to uncover some of the central themes that underpinned all of them.

Advanced English: Literature of Place

Upper School

Grade 11

English

Grade 11

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Departmental approval

In Advanced English: Literature of Place, students use advanced analysis to tease out original insights from the texts they study. Emphasis is placed on independent discovery as students engage with a variety of genres and difficulty levels. Writing includes both creative and analytical projects, including research into scholarly journal articles and some literary theory. Students also give presentations of their research and independent reading. Texts can range from ancient (in translation) to contemporary, and include poetry, plays, novels, short stories, and essays, as well as texts that blur genre lines. Recent texts include The Underground Railroad, The Great Gatsby, Monument, Hybrida, Fences, Beloved, The Tempest, Oryx and Crake, and others. Prerequisite: departmental approval.

English: Literature of Place

Upper School

Grade 11

English

Grade 11

Credits: 1

How does the place shape a person? In this course, students will study primarily the literature of America and Americans, both of these broadly defined to include indigenous, undocumented, newly arrived, long-settled, powerful, and powerless people. Students will read and examine what it means to be a citizen, to have a voice, or to be without one, here in this country. They will write amply about who tells the story of our country and what each narrative reveals about our hopes, dreams, and values. Students will write critically and creatively on every text, and they will learn to use their own voices to speak truth to power in the form of letters to the editor, one-act plays, short fiction, poetry, speeches, and editorial or persuasive essays. Texts may include: Beloved, The Great Gatsby, Anna in the Tropics, Another Brooklyn, Sing, Unburied, Sing, as well as texts from our visiting writers, and a selection of additional short stories, poems, and essays selected by the instructor.

Dance Ensemble

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 6-12

Credits: Athletics

Prerequisite: Fall and winter season commitment

Fall and winter season commitment

Dance Ensemble is the high-intermediate level dance company at Walker’s. Students are selected during placement classes at the beginning of the year and must commit to dance for the fall and winter seasons. Dance Ensemble members take daily intermediate level technique classes in ballet, modern, jazz, and character. This group also has the opportunity to work with guest artists and they perform in the annual Winter Dance Concert.

Advanced Music Theory

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Departmental approval

This class moves at the pace of the AP Music Theory Course with the intent to prepare the student to participate in the AP Testing Program. This course includes fundamentals of music theory and related aural skills, score analysis, sight-singing and harmonic and melodic comprehension. The student’s eligibility will be determined by the instructor. Prerequisite: departmental approval.

Web Design

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Mathematics

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 0.5

In this course students will learn to create, organize and publish a website. We will use a variety of software and coding to accomplish this. Our first sites will be coded by hand with HTML. As we progress you will study layout, take photos for your site, edit photos in photoshop, write content for your site, study fonts multimedia.

Advanced French: Paris: Past, Present, and Future

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: French 4/4H and departmental approval

This course focuses on the history, architecture, and culture of Paris from its humble Roman beginnings to present-day initiatives that look toward a sustainable future. Students will continue to hone their linguistic skills by reading historical documents, articles, and literary works (drama, poetry, and prose) as well as by analyzing maps, paintings, and photographs. Students enrolling in this course must have considerable competence in speaking, listening, reading, and writing in French and a willingness to refine their French through significant independent work. The linguistic focus of this course is increased fluency, accuracy, and complexity in all modes of communication: presentational, interpersonal, and interpretive. Prerequisite: French 4/4H and departmental approval.

Not offered 2022-23

Advanced French: Literature and Culture of the French-Speaking Caribbean

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: French 4/4H and departmental approval

This course focuses on the literature and culture of the French-speaking Caribbean. Students will continue to hone their linguistic skills by engaging with some of the French-speaking Caribbean’s most important literary figures, including Maryse Condé (Guadeloupe), Aimé Césaire (Martinique), and René Depestre (Haiti). In addition to literary texts, students will examine the painting, music, history, and politics of the region. Students enrolling in this course must have considerable competence in speaking, listening, reading, and writing in French. The linguistic focus of this course is increased fluency, accuracy, and complexity in all modes of communication. Prerequisite: French 4/4H and departmental approval.

Not offered 2022-23

Advanced Spanish: Contemporary Life in the Spanish-Speaking World

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Spanish 5/Spanish 4/4H and department approval

Advanced Spanish is for Upper School students who have completed four previous Spanish courses, or have special permission from the Language Department. As such, the course will emphasize advanced communication and listening skills. Reading at an advanced level will consist of articles of varying topics, books, poetry, and short stories relating to contemporary themes. Writing skills will be enhanced to include personal narratives with emphasis on improved grammar, which will be an integral aspect of the course. Previously learned Spanish will be reviewed and reinforced, while advanced grammatical structures will be introduced for continued growth in presentational writing. Students will also continue to learn about the many cultures throughout the Spanish-speaking world through a global citizen lens. Prerequisite: Spanish 5/Spanish 4/4H and department approval.

Not offered 2022-23

Advanced Latin: What is Love? Latin Love Poetry

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Latin 3 and departmental approval

This course explores Roman ideas of love through the poetry of Catullus, Horace, Ovid and Sulpicia (one of the few female authors of the period whose work survives). Students in this course will learn about how the Romans perceived romantic relationships and how those ideas are both similar to and different from our ideas about love today. We will also examine the gendered experience of loving and being loved in the ancient world. In addition to continuing their study of the Latin language through these texts, students will work on their analytical writing through essays (in English) and creative assignments. Prerequisite: Latin 3 and departmental approval.

Not offered 2022-23

Public Health

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 1

Students will learn about public health through a multidisciplinary approach that includes biology, chemistry, psychology, sociology, history, English literature, language and culture, economics, anthropology, geography, statistics, communication, film, and visual arts. This course will center around leading health indicators that include access to health services, clinical preventive services, maternal, infant, and child health, mental health, nutrition, physical activity, obesity, reproductive and sexual health, social determinants of health, and substance abuse. Course topics will include environmental health, biostatistics, epidemiology, public health policy, problem solving in public health, population dynamics, social and behavioral sciences, health literacy, community assessment, health informatics, global health, and women’s health and human rights.

Not offered 2022-23

Climate Change

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 1

Together we will explore issues surrounding global climate change: What is it? What is causing it? Why should we care? What information can we trust? Why do some people believe it is not a concern? We work towards answering these questions by examining data and resources from the fields of climate science, psychology, and media literacy.

Afternoon Art Concentration

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 10-12

The Afternoon Art Concentration is for the students who want to pursue a career in the field of the arts and need extra time to prepare and/or enhance their art portfolio for the competitive college admission process. Students will be mentored by professionals in their field of study on and off campus (depending on their field of study) in order to gain instrumental experience, expand their knowledge, and hone their skills. Each student is required to complete their projects, culminating the term with an exhibition and oral presentation to the school’s community.

3D Design: Paper, Textiles and Fashion

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 0.5

Visual Arts courses are offered at several different levels. Students with a passion for a particular field may register for the same course over multiple semesters.

In this course, students will be exposed to paper, textiles, and fashion to design and create 3D projects utilizing art design concepts. Projects in paper making and paper casting, cardboard relief, the dress in paper and textiles, papier-mâché, and the deconstructed book, as well as the use of handicraft techniques — weaving, crochet, and knitting, sewing (hand-stitch and sewing machine) — to create art, design and fashion statements with will be studied. This course will reference historical and contemporary works.

3D Design: Sculpture and Pre-Architecture

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 0.5

Visual Arts courses are offered at several different levels. Students with a passion for a particular field may register for the same course over multiple semesters.

This STEAM art course has been designed to offer students a general design overview using different media to design and build 3D structures. The focus of the course is to apply the fundamentals of art and design to help students solve creative problems in a variety of media and techniques. Projects in additive and subtractive (carving) sculpture, construction, mobile, assemblage, molding and casting, as well as modelmaking will be studied. This course will show students the endless possibilities in creating and using a reticulate as a base on which to create their designs.

Studio Art

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 0.5

Visual Arts courses are offered at several different levels. Students with a passion for a particular field may register for the same course over multiple semesters.

This course is designed to accommodate students with a desire to learn about art or to continue evolving in their artistic pursuits. Students will work on a variety of media, tools and techniques through open-ended assignments that challenge them and encourage creativity and originality. Through studio practice, application of the fundamentals of art and informed decision making, students will create a body of work that demonstrates a high level of quality and growth over time in content, technique and process.

Printmaking

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 0.5

Visual Arts courses are offered at several different levels. Students with a passion for a particular field may register for the same course over multiple semesters.

This course introduces the student to the production of multiple images from a single design. Students will learn about the basic tools and materials used in a variety of printmaking techniques, understanding that printing will produce a reversed image. For this, an emphasis on creative problem-solving is essential, through research, sketching, and idea development before committing to a plate. Students will explore various printmaking techniques including, but not limited to, linoleum block printing, drypoint, image transfer, and stamping, as well as monoprint/monotype, stenciling, and silkscreen. Students will learn about the effective use of positive and negative space, and the creation of an artist’s proofs and series. A brief overview of historical and contemporary prints, including the use of prints for political or social messaging, as well as in POP ART will be addressed.

Photography 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 0.5

Prerequisite: Photography 1

This course is designed to follow on from the prerequisite Photography 1 and includes elements of studio photography, fashion photography, staged photography, modern photography, street photography, drone photography, photojournalism and study of contemporary artists. DSLR cameras are supplied for the duration of the course. The course incorporates field trips for photography assignments. It will also include an emphasis on independent studies as students focus on their own interests, all the while creating an online portfolio of their best work. Prerequisite: Photography 1.

Photography 1

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 0.5

This semester-long course is designed to cover a broad range of digital photography techniques, principles, equipment and image subjects. A Nikon DSLR camera is supplied for the duration of the course. The course also covers areas of post production and image manipulation. It includes principles of exposure, portrait photography, landscape photography, macro photography, sports photography, food photography, black and white photography, low light photography, light painting, wildlife photography, in-class challenges, and more than 20 other topics. Over the course of the semester, independent shooting, collaborative peer critiques, and historical research will contribute to each student’s final portfolio that exhibits her individual photographic style.

Mixed Media and Collage

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 0.5

Visual Arts courses are offered at several different levels. Students with a passion for a particular field may register for the same course over multiple semesters.

In this class, students will be encouraged to open the doors to their creativity. By experimenting with different papers, media and techniques, students will discover their own personal artistic voice while focusing on composition, textures and layers. This exploration of mixed media and collaging is supported using the grid, background treatments and various ways to transfer images, including the use of photographs and found objects to add meaning to their works. An overview of historical and contemporary collage will also be explored.

Graphic Publication: Yearbook

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 0.5

Visual Arts courses are offered at several different levels. Students with a passion for a particular field may register for the same course over multiple semesters.

This course allows students to develop the design, writing and photography skills needed to create a thorough, interesting and dynamic documentation of the life of the School: the official school yearbook, the Pepperpot. Includes elements of art, image manipulation, design, layout, article writing, research, editing, marketing, publishing and sales. Students will have additional responsibilities and take greater leadership roles each time the course is taken.

Drawing & Painting

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 0.5

Visual Arts courses are offered at several different levels. Students with a passion for a particular field may register for the same course over multiple semesters.

Drawing is the foundation from which we develop our visual vocabulary as we hone our observational skills. Drawing from observation or from life is a critical skill to develop for anyone wanting to quickly and visually express ideas, as it trains the eye, hand and brain to translate the 3D form into a 2D illusion. In this multilevel class, whether taken for the first time or as continuation to further develop one’s visual skills, students will be exposed to a variety of “dry media” (graphite, oil and soft pastels, charcoal, etc) and “wet media” (transparent and opaque painting including watercolor, gouache, acrylic, and oil) learning the necessary technical skills to communicate their ideas, while continuing to strengthen their knowledge of the elements
and principles of design. Students will also discover the expressiveness of color and media application techniques while learning color theory. They may take this class as a repeated course in order to prepare their art portfolios for college admission and to fully develop their visual and unique language. There will be opportunities for students to work on public art projects that enhance our School community.

Ceramics 1

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 0.5

Visual Arts courses are offered at several different levels. Students with a passion for a particular field may register for the same course over multiple semesters.

The Ceramics class will provide an opportunity for students to develop a body of work that is both conceptually valid and reflective of their artistic style. Sculpture techniques, the science of glazing, and wheel skills are taught to all levels of students, and they will be encouraged to experiment at all times. In addition to developing technique, students will design their own multi-part construction based on exploration of pottery around the world. Each student will be expected to produce work that portrays her creative powers and technical abilities.

Art History: Movements in Art History

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 0.5

This course is cross-listed with both the Visual Arts and History Departments.

This course will provide a multidisciplinary approach to the study of art and architectural history. In this class, students view art through the lens of historical events, literature, music and social context of the time periods covered in the course. Students tackle issues such as who decides what is considered art and the ethics around restoration vs. preservation. Students begin this course by looking at the art and architecture of the Medieval world, and work their way through Post Impressionism and the Modern world. By studying great works from within these artistic periods, students gain a better understanding of the visual art of each era and how it can help us to better understand the greater context of the time.

Not offered 2022-23

Art History: Art of Ancient Civilizations

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 0.5

This course is cross-listed with both the Visual Arts and History Departments.

In this class, students gain an understanding of the cultures of ancient civilizations through the study of the objects they produced. Students grapple extensively with issues such as who decides what is art, the ethics surrounding display and repatriation, and the difference between art, artifact and cultural object. By studying the objects produced by these great civilizations, students gain a better understanding of the objects themselves and how they fit within the context of their time and place.

Not offered 2022-23

Dance Workshop

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: Athletics

Prerequisite: Fall and winter season commitment

Fall and winter season commitment

Dance Workshop is the advanced-level dance company at Walker’s. Students are selected during placement classes at the beginning of the year and must commit to dance for the fall and winter seasons. Dance Workshop members take daily advanced-level technique classes in ballet, modern, jazz, character, and stretch and strengthen. These classes are supplemented with weekly rehearsals for student, faculty, and guest artist choreography. Senior members of Dance Workshop take choreography classes and run their own rehearsals. Dance Workshop performs in the annual Winter Dance Concert.

African Drumming

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: Non-credit

African Drumming is an essential part of Walker’s Music Program. The group utilizes a variety of drums, some of which were constructed from trees on the School property in Simsbury. Students study a wide array of styles and develop an appreciation for the intricate musical sounds, and variety of moods the different drumming disciplines convey and express. The tones of the instruments as well as the use of a particular rhythm open the mind to the rich world of music and enhance the capacity of each drummer. Students are encouraged to both read and hear patterns so that they engage the better part of themselves when they play together. The group often performs on campus and continues to create a moving presence at Walker’s.

Orchestra

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: Non-credit

Orchestra is open to instrumentalists who are capable of individual preparation and working toward a standard of musical excellence in a group setting. This is a wonderful environment in which to develop technique and broaden the musical experience.

Harmonious Bells

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: Non-credit

The bell choir performs for many events on campus and can be taken as a music discipline for music majors. This course teaches a basic understanding of rhythm and note reading and allows students of all levels to perform in an ensemble. All musicians are welcome.

Rock Band: Sundial Sound

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: Non-credit

Each year, our campus Rock Band, Sundial Sound, morphs and evolves as new students join the group. Students who sing and play drum set, keyboard, guitar, bass, percussion, and other instruments collaborate as an ensemble to play classic rock and more contemporary covers, learning how to exchange musical ideas and work together as a group towards a rock concert performance at the end of the school year.

Grapes

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: Non-credit

Prerequisite: By audition

This vocal ensemble is an a cappella singing group. Only members of the Choir may audition. This ensemble performs music from a wide range of genres. Auditions take place at the beginning of the school year and include a simple sight-singing exercise, presentation of a piece that best shows the singer’s voice and a group piece that determines vocal blend and intonation. By audition.

Chamber Ensembles

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: Non-credit

Prerequisite: By audition

The chamber ensembles afford the serious musician the opportunity to perform fine works. Students must be proficient on their instrument and enjoy working in a focused, musical environment. These ensembles are called upon to perform at many functions throughout the school year. By audition.

Music Major Program

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Credit is given to students who wish to take two private lessons a week or two music disciplines, not including Choir. A half credit is given along with grades and comments for each semester. Music majors are expected to perform during the school year.

Music Theory

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

A two–semester course that involves the study of the laws, forms and language of music with a focus on assimilating these skills and demonstrating them in compositional forms. The course is taught at the level of the student and progresses according to her capacity. It presents the basics of music theory, dictation and notation, and ear training before composition is introduced. The advanced student may study composition and harmony and musical analysis.

Choir

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

A full Arts credit is given for this course. It fulfills the arts graduation requirement but is not figured into the GPA. Walker’s Choir performs regularly at many School functions and presents two major choral concerts. This ensemble enjoys meeting a varied repertoire and honing musical skills such as sight-reading and vocal production. Students interested in Grapes must be part of this ensemble.

Voce Felice

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 6-12

This course provides students with an opportunity to learn and improve vocal technique and to experience a repertoire of various styles. Enrollment in choir is not required. Voce Felice, a fine vocal ensemble, is formed from members of this class. Individual singers have the opportunity to perform as soloists at the end of the school year concert. All singers are welcome.

Gospel Choir

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 7-12

The Gospel Choir is a lively vocal ensemble that incorporates musical styles from the spiritual, blues and gospel genres. This ensemble demands a willingness to participate in the appropriate style that this music commands. All singers are welcome.

Private Music Lessons

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 6-12

Prerequisite: Additional fee

Private lessons are offered for many instruments. Numerous recitals and assemblies involve the Music Program, and public performance opportunities continue to expand the musical experience here on campus.

Financial Commitment: Private lessons are billed through the Business Office. The Music Instruction Agreement must be signed by a parent/guardian and returned before lessons can begin. Please contact the Business Office for additional details.

Spring Musical

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: Co-Curricular

Prerequisite: By audition

Offered Spring season

The Theatre, Music, and Dance Departments collaborate on a full-scale musical that is presented to the community in May. Anyone who wants to join the cast is welcome to, as there are no cuts made for the productions and the purpose of auditions is to assign roles. The goal of the theater department is to take the musical cast on an annual trip to a Broadway show. Students have taken master classes with Broadway performers, have had Q&As with cast members, and Broadway professionals have attended Walker’s spring musical dress rehearsals. Recent productions include Chicago: High School Edition, Hairspray, Sister Act, and Little Shop of Horrors. By audition.

Winter Play

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 6-12

Credits: Co-Curricular

Prerequisite: By audition

Offered Winter season

Beginning in mid-November, cast members rehearse a play which is presented to the community in mid-February. Anyone who wants to join the cast is welcome, as there are no cuts made for the productions and the purpose of auditions is to assign roles. Past productions have included Twelve Angry Women, Our Town, She Kills Monsters: Young Adventurers’ Edition, Animal Farm, All in the Timing, and Rope. By audition.

Musical Theater

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 0.5

In this class, students will collaborate on scenes, songs and dances from classic works of musical theater. Students will have the opportunity to watch and learn from historic theatrical performances, as well as delve deeply into character work, song analysis, and choreography through musical theater vocal solos, duets, monologues, and scene work.

Acting

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 0.5

The goal of this course is to develop self-awareness, master acting guideposts, and build on previous knowledge of stage acting through the use of scenes, improvisation, and monologues. This one-semester class introduces students to basic acting techniques rooted in Stanislavski and Meisner, incorporating effective use of the voice, principles of stage movement, building a character, playwriting, story creation, and improvisation. The course is designed for students interested in exploring theater as a means of personal development and expression, as well as for those who wish to begin to study the craft of acting and/or playwriting. Students are expected to memorize lines, write journals, and be evaluated on their performances. This course may be taken more than once, so the course will be tailored to the students’ interests and needs.

Dance

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 6-12

Credits: Athletics

Fall, winter, and spring seasons for beginner to advanced levels

Dance classes at all levels are offered throughout the year with ballet, modern, jazz, and composition offered each season. Other dance forms including tap, contemporary, and hip-hop, are also offered each season.

Dance Fundamentals

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 0.5

This course is designed to give students an overview of Dance Technique, Improvisation, and Composition, and history. We will focus on several techniques and history to build strength and knowledge in the art form. The study of dance composition through improvisation and design concepts will also be a focal point of the course. Recommended for students with little to no experience in dance.

Offered Semester 1

Dance Composition

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Arts

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 0.5

This course focuses on the process of choreographing original dance pieces. Students will learn composition through experimenting with the elements of movement – time, space, weight, and flow. This course is recommended for students with some dance experience through the advanced level.

Offered Semester 2

College Counseling – Grade 11

Upper School

Grade 11

Seminars

Grade 11

In the second semester, the College Counseling Seminar focuses on learning skills and producing materials relevant to the college search and application process. Students are introduced to SCOIR, our online college preparation tool, and learn how to explore their interests, majors, and colleges. Other topics include standardized testing, the college essay, interviewing, resumes, scholarship and financial aid, and college visits. All juniors attend a college fair in April as part of this course. Students exhibit mastery in the following areas: SCOIR worksheets, short presentations, questionnaires, a preliminary college search, a first draft of a college essay, an extracurricular activities resume, and securing teacher recommendations.

Personal Finance

Upper School

Grade 11

Seminars

Grade 11

Historically, women have had less opportunity to manage money or invest. As students graduate from high school and move out into the world, it’s imperative that they possess an understanding of personal finance in order to make informed decisions that will affect their financial futures. The Personal Finance seminar offers students an opportunity to be introduced to the concepts of managing personal finances including earning, spending, saving, investing and philanthropy. Students conduct hands-on activities including budget development and the creation of an investment portfolio. Students in the Personal Finance seminar will also take and pass the IRS certification to become a personal income tax preparer in the VITA (Volunteer Income Tax Assistance) Program. Training for the VITA program is conducted as part of the coursework.

Equine Science

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Current enrollment in or completion of Biology

The Equine Science course is an intense equine biology class that encompasses the anatomy and physiology of all the systems of the horse, including nutrition, toxicology, parasitology, health management, neonatology, epidemiology, and sports medicine. Students will explore numerous case studies and immerse themselves in the world of equine medicine. Through hands-on labs at the Frank O.H. Williams Barn, students can apply the skills and knowledge of the class while they perform health and lameness exams and use stethoscopes to listen to heart, lung, and intestinal sounds. Prerequisite: current enrollment in or completion of Biology.

Tropical Ecology

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Current enrollment in or completion of Biology

Tropical ecosystems contain some of the most diverse habitats on the planet. These systems are both unique and fragile compared to temperate systems, and are threatened by climate change and human activities. This course is designed to provide students with a general understanding of tropical ecology and conservation and to enhance student research skills. Students will be responsible for weekly readings, leading class discussions, presentations and various writing assignments, including a final project intended to increase the breadth and depth of student knowledge of evolutionary ecology in the tropics. By reading, thinking about, and discussing articles from the primary scientific literature, students will gain valuable skills in learning how tropical research is conducted, how scientific research is presented to other scientists, and how to critically evaluate scientific research for both their strengths and their weaknesses. Prerequisite: current enrollment in or completion of Biology.

Human Anatomy and Physiology

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Current enrollment in or completion of Biology

The Human Anatomy and Physiology course is designed to give the student an overview of all of the systems of the human body. Students will study the structure, function, and numerous disorders of each body system as well as the interrelationships among the various systems. Students will be exposed to critical thinking and clinical application questions throughout the course as they delve into actual case studies and work through these cases to reach a diagnosis. In addition, students will experience hands-on learning and develop collaborative skills through various labs, activities, and projects throughout the year. Prerequisite: current enrollment in or completion of Biology.

Astronomy

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 1

Sophomores may be allowed to enroll in this class concurrently with Honors Chemistry with departmental approval.

Astronomy is a year-long course that explores the origin, structure, evolution, and fate of the universe and the objects in it. Topics studied in this course include gravitation and orbits, the Solar System and other planetary systems, the structure and evolution of stars, galaxies and their creation, and black holes and curved spacetime. Students will also study the history of humans’ understanding of our place in the universe, from the astronomy of ancient civilizations to modern-day space missions. Finally, the course will explore current questions about the mysterious presence of dark matter and dark energy, theories about the future of the universe, and the search for habitable planets and extraterrestrial life. Although the course is mostly conceptual, there is some basic problem-solving required. No prior physics courses are necessary. Students will also make periodic observations using Walker’s van Gemeren Observatory.

Not offered 2022-23

Advanced Psychology

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Biology and departmental approval

Advanced Psychology is a rigorous science elective which requires students to think critically, synthesize current research, and develop a deep understanding of the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. Topics include: history and approaches; research methods and statistics; biological bases of behavior; behavior genetics; sensation and perception; states of consciousness; theories of learning; cognition; memory; testing and individual differences, life-span development; theories of personality; intelligence and individual differences; abnormal psychology; treatment of psychological disorders; and social psychology. Students will conduct an in-depth literature review to be presented at the end of the school year. Students may choose to take the Psychology Advanced Placement Test in the spring. Prerequisite: completion of Biology and departmental approval.

Advanced Physics

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of a year-long Physics course and departmental approval

Advanced Physics is our most challenging physics course that parallels an introductory algebra-based college physics course. Major topics include Newtonian mechanics, including both linear and rotational motion; waves and vibrations; and electricity and electromagnetism. Time permitting, select topics in modern physics will also be explored. This is a rigorous, fast- paced course that also includes a significant laboratory component. In collaboration with their lab teams, students will have significant license in designing experimental procedures and in analyzing and explaining their data in ways that demonstrate a strong command of the underlying physics concepts. This course assumes that students are comfortable with both algebra and trigonometry. Students enrolled in this course may choose to take the Advanced Placement Physics 1 Exam or the Advanced Placement C: Mechanics Exam, depending on their preferred math level. Prerequisite: completion of a year-long Physics course and departmental approval.

Physics 11-12

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 1

Physics 11-12 is designed for students who enter Walker’s after ninth grade and who have not yet taken Physics. This is a laboratory science course in which students develop skills in conducting experiments, working collaboratively, and solving problems that allow them to understand and describe the physical phenomena of the world around them. Through this course, students will explore major themes of causes and effects of motion; waves and vibrations; and the conservation laws of energy, momentum, and electrical charge. Each topic will be introduced through a hands-on discovery process in which students investigate scientific trends in the laboratory, discuss experimental results in class, and collaboratively develop both conceptual and quantitative models of the investigated phenomena. Through this course, an emphasis will be placed on students’ representing their understanding in multiple ways: verbally, diagrammatically, graphically, and mathematically. Students are expected to be proficient in both algebra and basic trigonometry.

Honors Research Seminar: From Microbes to Molecules

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

Science

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Chemistry and Biology and departmental approval; possible concurrent enrollment with Honors or Advanced Biology

This course will be run in partnership with the Small World Initiative (SWI) and the Tiny Earth Network (TEN), two innovative programs that encourage students to pursue careers in science while addressing a worldwide health threat – the diminishing supply of effective antibiotics. This course centers around an introductory biochemistry course in which students conduct original hands-on field and laboratory research in the hunt for new antibiotics. Through a series of student-driven experiments, students will collect soil samples, isolate diverse bacteria, test their bacteria against clinically-relevant microorganisms, and characterize those showing inhibitory activity. This is particularly relevant since over two thirds of antibiotics originate from soil bacteria or fungi. SWI and TEN’s approach provides a unique platform to crowdsource medical breakthroughs by tapping into the intellectual power of many people concurrently addressing a global challenge and advancing promising candidates into the drug development pipeline. Prerequisite: completion of Chemistry and Biology and departmental approval; possible concurrent enrollment with Honors or Advanced Biology.

Advanced Biology

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Honors Chemistry and departmental approval

The Advanced Biology course is our most challenging biology course and parallels a college level introductory biology class. This course requires strong critical thinking skills and the ability to apply biological concepts to new situations and real world problems. The class is designed to cover numerous biology topics in an in-depth and hands-on manner using many forms of instruction that include lecture, flipped classroom, problem-based learning, inquiry based labs, case studies, and field work. This course is for highly motivated students who have a genuine interest in biology, are capable of self-directed and self-paced work, and possess the ability to collaborate with classmates on many different labs and projects. To allow for the completion of college-level laboratory experiments, the course meets for an additional 80 minute block each week. The Advanced Biology course will revolve around the four Big Ideas of Evolution, Energy, Information, and Interactions. Students may choose to take the Biology Advanced Placement Test in the spring. Prerequisite: completion of Honors Chemistry and departmental approval.

Honors Biology

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Honors Chemistry and/or departmental approval

The Honors Biology course is designed to give students an overview of the biological sciences such as biochemistry, cellular biology, genetics, evolution, microbial biology, human anatomy and physiology, plants, animals, and ecology. The Honors Biology course utilizes a more in-depth textbook, proceeds at a faster pace than the Biology course, and requires students to integrate multiple chapters at one time in their analysis of the material. In addition, students will develop laboratory skills that include experimental design, data collection and analysis, proficiency with laboratory equipment, and error analysis through numerous inquiry-based labs throughout the year. Laboratory work in this course is more demanding and allows students to have more independence involving laboratory design. Prerequisite: Honors Chemistry and/or departmental approval.

Biology

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Chemistry

The Biology course surveys the field of biology from biochemistry, cells and genetics to evolution, microbiology, and ecology. Many of the most important topics in biology rely heavily on an understanding of the fundamental concepts from physics and chemistry which is why this course is offered after the completion of these other disciplines. Generous amounts of laboratory work allow students to develop laboratory skills that include experimental design, data collection and analysis, and proficiency with laboratory equipment. Students will work collaboratively and independently as they learn to research numerous biological topics and engage in argument driven inquiry. Through fieldwork, students will become familiar with the woodlands and ponds that surround The Ethel Walker School and will come to appreciate the biodiversity of life that exists in our community. Prerequisite: Chemistry.

Advanced Chemistry

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Honors Chemistry and departmental approval

The Advanced Chemistry course is our most challenging chemistry course and parallels a college level introductory chemistry class. Building on the foundation of Honors Chemistry, this course emphasizes the advanced topics of equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics. Students must be prepared for a significant commitment in both time and the level of challenge. To allow for the completion of college-level laboratory experiments, the course meets for an additional 80-minute block each week. This course fully prepares interested students for the Chemistry Advanced Placement Test in the spring. Prerequisite: completion of Honors Chemistry and departmental approval.

Engineering

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Science

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 0.5

Prerequisite: Departmental approval

This is a semester-long course for students who have demonstrated passion for overcoming challenges in innovative ways. Through this 100% hands-on, project-based course, students will immerse themselves in the process of engineering – defining a problem and identifying its constraints, brainstorming solutions, creating and evaluating a prototype, iterating to improve their prototype, and communicating their solution. Students will develop confidence and fluidity in this process over the course of the semester. The challenges encountered in this course will focus on different types of engineering, possibly including mechanical, electrical, civil, and environmental engineering. Students will develop skills in group collaboration and will be encouraged to make use of all of their available tools and resources. Students will be evaluated based on in-class engagement, fulfillment of project components, documentation of their unique engineering process, written reflections, and an analysis of their work. Prerequisite: departmental approval.

Not offered 2022-23

Honors Chemistry

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Science

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Physics 9, concurrent enrollment in or completion of Honors Algebra 2, and departmental approval

The Honors Chemistry course covers content similar to the Chemistry course with the addition of stoichiometry and acid-base chemistry. The course is fast paced and requires a sophisticated depth of analysis. As students progress through the year, their work increasingly focuses on the applications of basic concepts and involves complex, mult-istep problem solving. Lab work includes a focus on experimental design and requires more involved error analysis. This is a rigorous course with high expectations for student effort and commitment. Prerequisite: Physics 9, concurrent enrollment in or completion of Honors Algebra 2, and departmental approval.

Chemistry

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

Science

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Algebra 1

Chemistry is a laboratory-based course that allows students to discover basic chemical principles and understand how to use them to make sense of the world around them. The course covers the scientific method, measurement, atomic theory, nomenclature, chemical quantities, chemical reactions, aqueous chemistry, bonding, and gas laws. Students learn how to work
both collaboratively and individually. Laboratory work emphasizes making careful observations, learning correct measuring and data collection techniques, analyzing data, and discussing errors. Projects each semester enable students to explore how chemistry is relevant to their daily lives. Prerequisite: Algebra 1.

Advanced Statistics

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

Mathematics

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Algebra 2 and departmental approval

This is a one year course that will introduce students to the major concepts and tools for collecting, analyzing, and drawing conclusions from data. The four themes that will be focused on are in line with an AP Statistics course: exploring data, sampling and experimentation, probability and simulation, and statistical inference. Students will use technology, investigations, problem solving, and writing as they build statistical understanding. Students may choose to take the AP test in the spring. Prerequisite: Algebra 2 and departmental approval.

Advanced Topics in Calculus

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

Mathematics

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Advanced Calculus 1 and departmental approval

This course will build on the skills and topics introduced in Advanced Calculus 1 and introduce students to topics including but not limited to: various techniques of integration, sequences and series, polar and parametric functions and an introduction to college-level Calculus III. Students are expected to develop accurate recall of calculus topics previously covered and use multiple representations and mathematical connections in problem solving. Students will continue to learn new terminology and develop an understanding of new symbols in order to represent, solve and justify the application of higher level mathematics. Students who take this course will have the option to take the Calculus BC Advanced Placement Test in the spring. Prerequisite: Advanced Calculus 1 and departmental approval.

Honors French 4

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of French 3 and departmental approval

Learners who are interested in earning Honors credit are required to complete independently motivated work. This work encompasses tasks using all appropriate modes of communication: interpretive reading, interpretive listening, presentational writing and speaking, and interpersonal speaking. Additionally, learners who wish to earn Honors credit will be held to higher expectations on assessments. Prerequisite: completion of French 3 and departmental approval.

French 4

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of French 3

This course is a continuation of French 3. Learners will examine the history, contemporary life, art, and culture of the French-speaking world, while reinforcing and building upon the skills developed in Levels 1-3. This course uses authentic literature and film to expose learners to diverse Francophone perspectives. Learners are expected to make cultural comparisons, participate in individual and group analysis, and draw conclusions about historical and current events. By the end of the year, learners will be able to express themselves fully and spontaneously in paragraph-length language on a wide variety of everyday topics as well
as topics of personal or general interest. Learners will be able to formulate and support hypotheses, make arguments, and sustain narration in multiple time frames. Students will be able to negotiate meaning in a wide range of unfamiliar contexts with confidence. Prerequisite: completion of French 3.

French 3

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of French 2

This course is a continuation of French 2. Learners will build upon the structures they acquired in French 2 and engage in the target language with greater ease. By the end of the year, learners will be able to express themselves in increasingly complex sentences on a variety of everyday topics, topics of personal interest, and studied topics. Specific structures that learners will acquire include: what they should/could/would have done, what they would/could/should do, as well as expressing counterfactuals, necessity, opinions, and feelings. Learners will be able to comfortably negotiate meaning in a range of unfamiliar contexts. Prerequisite: completion of French 2.

French 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of French 1

This course is a continuation of French 1. Learners will build upon the structures they acquired in French 1 and engage in the target language with greater ease. By the end of the year, learners will be able to express themselves in complete sentences on a variety of familiar topics. Specific structures that learners will acquire include: what they were doing or used to do and what they will do. Prerequisite: completion of French 1.

French 1

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 8-12

Credits: 1

This course serves as an introduction to the French language through reading, writing, speaking, and listening. By the end of the year, learners will be able to talk about very familiar topics: themselves; the weather; their likes, dislikes, and preferences; their families and homes; their favorite pastimes and hobbies; what they did over the past weekend as well as what they are going to do over the next weekend; and what they want to do versus what they can or must do. Learners will develop the ability to negotiate meaning in unfamiliar contexts.

Advanced Spanish: Modern Literature and Advanced Topics

Upper School

Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Spanish 5/Spanish 4/4H and department approval

Students will read and interpret texts of representative Hispanic writers within the 20th and 21st centuries, but with a special focus on contemporary authors. Students will explore and analyze the poems, short stories, and essays from writers such as Juan Rulfo, Emilia Pardo Bazán, Ana María Matute, Nancy Morejón, Rubén Darío, and Isabel Allende. The course will revolve around student commentary and analysis of texts within historical and cultural contexts, thereby requiring daily oral and written participation from all students. Prerequisite: Spanish 5/Spanish 4/4H and department approval.

Not offered 2022-23

Honors Spanish 4

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 3 and departmental approval

Learners who are interested in earning Honors credit are required to complete independently motivated work. This work encompasses tasks using all appropriate modes of communication: interpretive reading, interpretive listening, presentational writing and speaking, and interpersonal speaking. Additionally, learners who wish to earn Honors credit will be held to higher expectations on assessments. Prerequisite: completion of Spanish 3 and departmental approval.

Spanish 4

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 3

This course is a continuation of Spanish 3. Learners will examine the history, contemporary life, art, and culture of Spain and Latin America, while reinforcing and building upon the skills developed in Levels 1-3. This course uses authentic literature and film to expose students to Spanish and Latin American perspectives as well as the importance of Spanish in the United States. Learners are expected to make cultural comparisons, participate in individual and group analysis, and draw conclusions about historical and current events. By the end of the year, learners will be able to express themselves fully and spontaneously in paragraph-length language on a wide variety of everyday topics as well as topics of personal or general interest. Learners will be able to formulate and support hypotheses, make arguments, and sustain narration in multiple time frames. Students will be able to negotiate meaning in a wide range of unfamiliar contexts with confidence. Prerequisite: completion of Spanish 3.

Spanish 3

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 2

This course is a continuation of Spanish 2. Learners will build upon the structures they acquired in Spanish 2 and engage in the target language with greater ease. By the end of the year, learners will be able to express themselves in increasingly complex sentences on a variety of everyday topics, topics of personal interest, and studied topics. Specific structures that learners will acquire include: what they should/could/would have done, what they would/could/should do, necessity, opinions, and feelings. Learners will be able to comfortably negotiate meaning in a wide range of unfamiliar contexts. Prerequisite: completion of Spanish 2.

Spanish 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Spanish 1

This course is a continuation of Spanish 1. Learners will build upon the structures they acquired in Spanish 1 and engage in the target language with greater ease. By the end of the year, learners will be able to express themselves in complete sentences on a variety of familiar topics. Specific structures that learners will acquire include: what they were doing or used to do and what they will do. Learners will continue to develop the ability to negotiate meaning in unfamiliar contexts. Prerequisite: completion of Spanish 1.

Spanish 1

Middle School, Upper School

Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 8-12

Credits: 1

This course serves as an introduction to the Spanish language through reading, writing, speaking, and listening. By the end of the year, learners will be able to talk about very familiar topics: themselves; the weather; their likes, dislikes, and preferences; their families and homes; their favorite pastimes and hobbies; what they did over the past weekend as well as what they are going to do over the next weekend; what they want to do versus what they can or must do, as well as developing the ability to negotiate meaning in unfamiliar contexts.

Advanced Latin: Dido and Aeneas: Love, Loss and Leadership

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 10-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Latin 3 and departmental approval

This class explores the characters of Dido and Aeneas, two central figures in Roman literature. Beginning with Elissa: Dux Femina Facti, a novella about Dido, refugee queen of the Phoenician people, students explore the mythology and character of this famous female figure. From there students read excerpts of Book IV of Virgil’s Aeneid, a central text of Roman literature. Through a study of meter, word order, poetic device and vocabulary, we grapple with the themes of love and death, war and refugees, family and fate. In this class, we read selections of the poem in Latin and the entire poem in English. Students express themselves through analytical essays as well as creative projects. Prerequisite: Latin 3 and department approval.

Latin 3

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Latin 2

This course is a continuation of Latin 2. Learners will build upon the structures they acquired in Latin 2 and engage in the target language with greater ease. By the end of the year, learners will be able to read and understand increasingly complex sentences and will be able to comfortably negotiate meaning in a wide range of unfamiliar contexts. Novellas will explore topics in mythology and Roman history, including the story of Medusa in Medusa: Femina Potens et Fortis and the Nubian Queen Kandake Amanirenas in Kandake Amanirenas: Regina Nubiae. Prerequisite: Completion of Latin 2.

Latin 2

Upper School

Grade 9, Grade 10, Grade 11, Grade 12

World Languages

Open to Grades 9-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Completion of Latin 1

In Latin 2, students begin to go deeper with their Latin language skills, learning more challenging and sophisticated grammatical concepts. Learners will build upon the structures they acquired in Latin 1 and engage in the target language with greater ease. Students are assessed through reading novellas of increasing length and difficulty, and explore Roman culture through the extended world of young Roman friends, Syra, Piso and Sextus. We also explore the myths of the Zodiac and discuss the impact of those stories in the ancient world and today. Prerequisite: Completion of Latin 1.

Moral Courage

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

History and Social Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 0.5

What do Greta Thunburg, Malala, Colin Kaepernick, Rosa Parks, Alexei Navalny, Aung San Suu Kyi, Socrates, and Harry Potter all have in common? What allows some people to take and hold a moral or political stand even when it threatens their life and safety? What choices do we have in the face of opposition and pressure to sit down and conform? And what can we do to strengthen our own moral compass enough to be able to change the world? These are the questions we will consider as we look at some of our heroes and role models from a wide range of disciplines and time frames. This interdisciplinary class will be different in that you, the students, will choose the role models we study and where and how they, and you, have found moral courage. Our goal is for us to develop a plan that will bolster our moral compass, our courage, and our ability to do the right thing, no matter the consequences.

Not offered 2022-23

Colonialism and the Caribbean

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

History and Social Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 0.5

This course will explore the legacies of colonialism using Albert Memmi’s framework from the book The Colonizer and the Colonized. Students will investigate the social, cultural and economic impact of Colonialism on the present day with a specific focus on Puerto Rico, Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Students will develop an understanding of colonialism and its lasting impact on a nation politically and economically.

The Good Life

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

History and Social Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 0.5

Aristotle called it eudaimonia, which is usually translated as well-being, flourishing, happiness, or fulfillment. What does it mean to live a good life? Do we all agree on what the good life is or should be? Do we need to? Philosophers, priests, economists, and sages in every generation have tried to answer the question, but overwhelmingly it has been answered by men. Do women have a different answer? We will draw upon several religious, philosophical, and folk traditions as we ask the question: what is a life worth living – today – for you? We will examine different models of the good life as we practice habits of reflection and action. We will combine personal reflection with group conversation as we will grapple with consequential thinkers and engage in a deep learning experience that prepares you for a concluding exercise in articulating your own vision of the good life.

Not offered 2022-23

Introduction to Ethical Reasoning

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

History and Social Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 0.5

Human society has always looked for answers to big questions: Why am I here? What is my place in society? How should I behave toward others? What is the nature of good and evil? This course introduces students to tracts of moral and political philosophy from Aristotle to Nussbaum. Ethical reasoning is applied to an examination of contemporary issues such as bioengineering, human rights, social justice, our relationship to the natural world, and the obligations of citizenship. Students will be encouraged to use what they are learning as a framework to develop and support their own opinions on these topics.

Inequality in the United States

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

History and Social Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 0.5

This course will introduce students to systems of social inequality in the United States. We will investigate the structural, interpersonal and social dimensions of oppression. Course materials will explore the ways that sexism, heterosexism and racism have developed over time as well as the ways they impact each of us everyday. Students will develop language, tools and skills to create positive social change.

Art History: Movements in Art History

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

History and Social Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 0.5

This course is cross-listed with both the Visual Arts and History Departments.

This course will provide a multidisciplinary approach to the study of art and architectural history. In this class, students view art through the lens of historical events, literature, music and social context of the time periods covered in the course. Students tackle issues such as who decides what is considered art and the ethics around restoration vs. preservation. Students begin this course by looking at the art and architecture of the Medieval world, and work their way through Post Impressionism and the Modern world. By studying great works from within these artistic periods, students gain a better understanding of the visual art of each era and how it can help us to better understand the greater context of the time.

Not offered 2022-23

Art History: Art of Ancient Civilizations

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

History and Social Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 0.5

This course is cross-listed with both the Visual Arts and History Departments.

In this class, students gain an understanding of the cultures of ancient civilizations through the study of the objects they produced. Students grapple extensively with issues such as who decides what is art, the ethics surrounding display and repatriation, and the difference between art, artifact and cultural object. By studying the objects produced by these great civilizations, students gain a better understanding of the objects themselves and how they fit within the context of their time and place.

Not offered 2022-23

Advanced Human Geography

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

History and Social Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Departmental Approval

This course is an upper-level social studies course that introduces students to the patterns and processes that have shaped our understanding and use of Earth. Through studies of population, cultural patterns, cities and urban land use, and economic development, students will gain an understanding of what happens when cultures and people interact with one another and how people adjust to the land around them. The class will investigate how geopolitical policies are formed and how they affect our world today. Students will be expected to understand and analyze maps and spatial data, recognize the different regions of the world, and understand how events and processes influence one another. Prerequisite: departmental approval.

Advanced Economics

Upper School

Grade 11, Grade 12

History and Social Science

Open to Grades 11-12

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Departmental approval

This course will cover an introduction to basic economic principles including, but not limited to, scarcity and choice, supply and demand, competition, incentives, markets, and price. The course will also explore macroeconomic principles such as national debt, unemployment, inflation, and money through different schools of thought. Microeconomic principles such as consumers, firms, and income distribution will also be addressed. Students will read and engage with the history of economic thought through books and journal articles. Finally, the course will relate the above concepts to current world and national economic news events. Prerequisite: departmental approval.

Advanced Topics in U.S. History

Upper School

Grade 11

History and Social Science

Grade 11

Credits: 1

Prerequisite: Departmental Approval

Advanced Topics in U.S. History requires the ability to read a wide variety of texts closely, write incisively, and argue persuasively. Political and economic forces are viewed through the lens of social movements. Students explore extensive primary and secondary sources, consider the conflict and unity underlying these movements, and draw conclusions. Instead of interpreting issues and evaluating people solely through their 21st-century lens, students are encouraged to consider two questions: what did the people they are studying know and what could they have known? Students compare themes across time, identifying forces of change and of continuity at work. A close examination of the changing ways historians interpret the past illuminates how philosophical leanings affect historiography. Students write four research papers during the year on topics of their choosing. The final paper is presented to an external audience and submitted for publication. Prerequisite: departmental approval.

U.S. History

Upper School

Grade 11

History and Social Science

Grade 11

Credits: 1

This course takes a thematic approach to the study of the history of the United States from early European/Native American encounters up through the 20th century. Extensive use of primary documents familiarizes students with voices of the past, while secondary readings offer students varying interpretations. Students study the influence of geographic features on agricultural and industrial development, foreign policy, and the character of American people. The interaction between the private life of citizens and the public world of government is examined in each unit as students consider how people seek to safeguard their way of life or to press for change and, in doing so, alter the role of government.